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gen.science vocab


Matter Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Mass The amount of material an object has.
Chemistry The study of matter and how it changes.
Physics The study of how energy acts with matter.
Unit A known amount used for measuring.
Customary Ordinary.
Metric System System of measurment used by scientists.
Meter, m The basic unit of length in the metric system; it is about 39 inches.
Meterstick A comman tool for measuring length in the metric sysem.
Centimeter, cm A metric unit of measure that is 1/100 of a meter.
Millimeter, mm A metric unit of measure that is 1/1000 of a meter.
Kilometer, km A metric unit of measure that is equal to 1,000 meters.
Area Amount of space the surface of an object takes up.
Exponent A number that tells how many times another number is a factor.
Volume The amount of space an object takes up.
Cubic centimeter A metric unit of measure that means centimeter X centimeter X centimeter.
Liter, l Basic unit of volume in the metric system.
Milliliter, ml a metric unit of measure that is 1/1000 of a liter; it equals one cubic centimeter.
Gradulated cylinder A glass or plastic cylinderused to measure the volume of liquids.
Meniscus The curved surface of a liquid.
Displacement of water method Method pf measuring volume of irregularly shaped objects.
Weight The measure of how hard gravity pulls on an object.
Newton The metric unit of weight.
Gram, g Basic unit of mass in the metric system.
Kilogram, kg A unit of mass in the metric system that equals 1,000 grams.
Milligram, mg A unit of mass in the metric system that is 1/1000 of a gram.
Centigram, cg A unit of mass in the metric system that is 1/100 of a gram.
Balance An instrument used to measure mass.
Standard mass A small object that is used with a balance to determine mass.


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