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scientific inquiry

observing/observation using senses to identify or learn about something
inferring/inference conclusion formed from prior knowledge and available information or evidence (educated guess--past or present)
predicting/prediction stating an expected result of what will happen in the future (educated guess--future)
independent variable the variable that is changed by the tester in an experiment (the cause)
dependent variable the variable that changes as a result of a change in the independent variable (the effect)
hypothesis an educated guess (prediction) AND explanation that can be tested with a scientific investigation
quantitative data descriptions of the natural world using numbers
qualitative data descriptions of the natural world using words (classifying)
description summary of observations (tells who, what, when, where)
explanation interpretation of observations (tells why or how)
control the sample of the experiment that no factor is changed; it's treated the same BUT the independent variable is NOT applied
constants/controlled variables the factors in an experiment that remain the same (all factors except independent and dependent variables)
prior knowledge using what you already know to infer and predict possible outcomes
bias showing favor of or against one thing compared with another
measurement/measuring Comparing an unknown amount with a known unit to determine its dimensions
classifying/classification Grouping objects or events based on similarities
communicating/communication Using written or spoken words
model A representation of an object or event
investigation a procedure carried out to gather data about an object or event
argument A statement put forth and supported by evidence
claim statement or assertion that is the conclusion of an argument
evidence the available body of facts or information (data) indicating whether a belief or proposition is true or valid.
reasoning the process of drawing a conclusion on the basis of evidence using scientific principles or concepts within the explanation
system group of objects that interact with each other
analyze discover through detailed examination
interpret explain the meaning of
evaluate Examine and judge carefully.
empirical based on observation or experiment and not on theory
phenomenon (phenomena) a fact, occurrence, or circumstance observed (often naturally-occurring)--could be a puzzling event or process that requires a wide range of science ideas to be coordinated together to fully explain the concept
technology tool used to solve real-world problems
computational relating to the process of mathematical calculation, often using computers
science knowledge about or study of the natural world based on facts learned through experiments and observation
engineering the application of science and mathematics to define problems (including criteria and constraints) and design solutions
mathematics the abstract science of number, quantity, and space which can be applied to physics and engineering
Created by: akguidry
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