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Community Final

Population Health Final. Term/Ques

QuestionAnswer
Importance of Wakefield study Provided fraudulent evidence between vaccines and austism. Causing an increase of "anti-vaxxer's". We as nursing need to address parents concerns and provide evidence based science as proof against the myth that vaccines cause autism
Concerning vaccines, what does clinically competent care look like? Ensuring there are no contraindications for giving a vaccine.
Culturally competent care looks like... respecting others cultural and religious beliefs while sharing evidenced based information so parents can make informed decisions for their children
Providing evidence-based care looks like... we have to be familiar with common misconceptions and myths and be prepared to discuss these with families and provide clear recommendations based on clinical guidelines
Reasons to vaccinate as an adult... 1. no longer be protected 2. will help protect your kids 3. For travel 4. back to college 5. yearly flu vaccine 6. Newer vaccine 7. Not fully vaccinated as a kid 8. Work in Healthcare 9. Chronic health cond. 10. multi sex partners
The National Adult Immunization Plan (NAIP) 4 Goals 1. strengthen the adult immunization infrastructure 2. improve access to vaccines 3. increase community demand for immunizations 4. Foster innovation in adult vaccine development and vaccination related technologies 
HPV Age Recommendations While the HPV vaccine is recommended for children, use has now expanded to some adults up to age 45, making it a recommended vaccination for both children and adults
What is the purpose of a Genogram? Help track the genetic predisposition of certain diseases within the patient’s family
Carrier screening tests... Samples are from both parents. IDs whether they are carriers of recessive genes
Prenatal screening... Samples only the mother's blood. Includes ultrasounds. Intended to find any diseases or disorders
Genes associated with cancer development. BRCA 1 and BRCA 2
The importance of the nursing role in obtaining a through family history/genogram Detailed family history can uncover potential genetic risk factors and we can start early screenings for early detection and interventions.
What is a Disaster? In a sense, it is an event or series of events that affects the entire community and its ability to function at all levels to which they are unable to return to their pre-disaster state using their own resources
The 4 stages of Disaster Planning and Management 1. Mitigation 2. Preparedness 3. Response 4. Recovery
Nursing Role in the Mitigation Stage activities to prevent natural or man-made disasters. Examples include: immunizations, strengthening levees and dams, and assessing populations at risk.
Nursing Role in the Preparedness Stage includes planning for five hazards that encompass a broader range of disasters including: natural or man-made, traumatic or explosive, nuclear or radiation, biologic or bioterrorism, and chemical
What are the 5 Hazards to plan for in the Preparedness Stage • Natural or man-made • Traumatic or explosive • Nuclear or radiation • Biologic or bioterrorism • Chemical
Nursing Role in the Response Stage Determine type, level, and scope of disaster Determination of a federal emergency Assess continuing hazards, safety, and security
Nursing Role in the Recovery Stage Restoration of the community Saving the lives of those in danger Safety of the community Short and Long-term goals
START Triage Categories Minimal/Minor - green Delayed - Yellow Immediate - Red Expectant/dead/deceased - Black
GREEN triage cat. Looks like ? They can get up and walk
YELLOW triage cat. looks like? RR < 30 Cap refill <2 sec Can follow simple commands
RED triage cat. looks like? RR > 30 Cap refill > 2 sec Unconscious or altered mental status
BLACK triage cat. look like? No breathing
GREEN tag interventions Instruct people to move away form scene Direct to treatment area for minor injuries
YELLOW tag interventions o Monitor for signs of decline and act promptly o Assess broken bones, burns, or persistent vomiting o Patient with chronic conditions
RED tag interventions Secure an airway Perform rescue breaths or CPR Stop bleeding
BLACK tag interventions Move on to those who can be saved
Created by: glang