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Topical&InhalantMeds

Objectives

QuestionAnswer
Explain how topical medications are administered and commonly applied. topical meds are appiled to the skin or mucous membranes. (skin, eye, ear, nose, mouth, vagina and rectum.)
Name two forms of drugs applied by the transdermal route and principles to follow when applying a skin patch. adhesive patches and applications of paste. Skin patches can be applied to any skin area with adequate circulation. Each time a new patch is applied, it's applied to a different location.
Describe where eye medications are applied. onto the mucous membrane, or conjunctiva, of the eye, which lines the inner eyelids and the anterior surface of the sclera.
Explain how the administration of ear medications differs for adults and children. how the ear is manipulated to straighten the auditory canal. (down and back for kids, up and back for adults)
Explain the rebound effect that accompanies the administration of nasal decongestants. a phenomenon characterized by rapid swelling of the nasal mucosa.
Describe the difference between sublingual and buccal administration. sublingual- drug is placed under the tongue, buccal- the med is placed in contact with the mucous membrane of the cheek.
Name a common reason for vaginal applications. used to treat local infections.
Give the form of medication used most often for rectal administration. suppositories
Explain why inhalation is a good route for medication administration. the inhalant route is used for med administration b/c the lungs provide an extensive area of tissue from which drugs may be absorbed.
Name two types of inhalers and alternatives for administering inhaled medications. Dry powder inhaler delivers a burst of pulverized drug and a carrier substance at the time of inhalation. Metered dose inhaler releases a measured volume of aerosolized drug when its canister is compressed.
Created by: Jessica Venyke