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Organic Compounds

TermDefinition
organic compounds chains of repeating molecules that contain all three elements Carbon, Hydrogen and Oxygen.
Protein an organic compound made of a chain of amino acids. Some examples are hormones, enzymes, receptor molecules.
Carbohydrate an organic compound made of a chain of glucose/simple sugar molecules/monosaccharides. It gives the cell quick energy.
Lipid an organic molecule that is made of a chain of fatty acid/glycerol molecules. It helps with stored energy, creates waxes and provides warmth/protection.
Nucleic Acid an organic compound made of nucleotides. This compound stores hereditary information (DNA/RNA) that is used to make proteins.
Glucose a simple sugar that chains together to form a carbohydrate and a more complex starch. An ingredient for our cells to make energy.
Amino Acids The building blocks of proteins.
Nucleotide The building blocks of nucleic acids. Code for the production of proteins
Starch a complex arrangement of glucose molecules or monosaccharides
Starch indicator / Iodine when placed in the presence of starch, this indicates that starch is present by changing colors from amber to blue/black.
Glucose indicator / Benedict’s solution when placed in the presence of glucose and heated, this indicates that glucose is present by changing color from blue to orange.
Enzyme/Biological Catalyst type of protein that speeds up chemical reactions (digestion and synthesis). They are specific to one reaction.
Created by: mcurtin1
 

 



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