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Altered Hormone

Patho

TermDefinition
acromegaly Condition of hyperplasia prompted by hormone stimulation of excessive growth after closure of the epiphyseal growth plates of the long bones.
stress reactions of the body to forces of a deleterious nature that disturb homeostasis
stressor any endogenous or exogenous force that causes stress
syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) condition of excessive production and release of ADH despite changes in serum osmolarity and blood volume
thyrotoxic crisis sudden severe worsening of hyperthyroidism that may result in death; also called thyroid storm
thyrotoxicosis presence of excessive circulating thyroid hormone
hypothalamic - pituitary axis controls the synthesis and secretion of many hormones
hypothyroidism a state of excessive thyroid hormone
myxedema a condition of hypothyroidism marked by the accumulation of boggy, nonpitting edematous tissue, especially of the face, mucous membranes , hands and feet, from protein - carbohydrate complexes that accumulate in the tissues.
negative feedback loop a system of hormone regulation in which lo levels of hormone stimulate additional release and high levels of hormone inhibit further release
panhypopituitarism a deficiency of all anterior pituitary hormones
polyuria frequent; large volume urination
positive feedback loop a system in which the presence of hormone stimulates an increased production of hormone until there is an interruption in the cycle
Aldosterone hormone secretion stimulated by the reninangiotensin system and serum potassium levels
Cortisol hormone secretions stimulated by corticotropin-releasing hormone from the hypothalamus and adrenocorticotropic hormone from the anterior pituitary
cretinism a condition of mental retardation and impaired growth from a congenital lack of thyroid hormone production and secretion
Cushing Disease a condition hypercortisolism specifically related to pituitary coricotrope tumors
Cushing syndrome a condition of excess glucocorticoid secretion from the adrenal cortex
Diabetes Insipidus (DI) is a condition of insufficient ADH that results in the inability of the body to concentrate of retain water
Endocrine System a collective group of tissues capable of secreting hormones
Exophthalomos a protrusion of the eyeballs, is also a characteristic of Graves disease
Accommodate ability of the lens to change its shape
Acoustic Reflex Measurement test to determine movement of the tympanic membrane in response to sound
Acuity clarity; ability to locate the site of the initiation of a stimulus
Amblyopia a condition resulting from a muscle imbalance; commonly known as "lazy eye"
Anterolateral Pathway neurologic pathway involving both anterior & lateral spinothalamic pathways; characterized by multiple synapses & slow conduction; transmits sensations of pain, temp, crude touch, & pressure not requiring the specific location of origin of stimulus
Aqueous Humor nutritive, watery fluid produced by the ciliary body
Astigmatism irregular curvature of the cornea or lens preventing the focusing of images; blurring vision
Barotrauma injury resulting from the inability of the ear to equalize pressure
Addison Disease A condition of adrenal cortical insufficiency most commonly caused by the autoimmune destruction of the adrenal cortex
Created by: DocMorris