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BG 250-600+ BG 600-1200+ higher BG levels due to infection (higher 'solute'/'osmolality)
New DM Noncompliant Infection - causes even higher BG levels Often - Infection - causes even higher BG levels New DM
Serum & Urine Ketones No Serum or Urine Ketones
Mortality 4-10% Mortality 10-50% (older - more comorbidities - infection [risk for sepsis... die :( ])
Moderate - Severe Dehydration Severe Dehydration
Osmolality 300-320 Osmolality 330-380
pH 6.8-7.3 pH > 7.35
Treatment: IVFs! & Insulin (check K+ before Insulin administration) Antibiotics (if infection present) Treatment: IVFs! & Antibiotics (if infection)
Kussmaul Breathing Normal Breathing
Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 Diabetes Type 2
Created by: Julianne Wright