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Medical Term Ch 11

Chapter 11 flashcards

TermDefinition
abdomin/o, celi/o, lapar/o abdomen, abdominal cavity
appendicitis inflammation of the appendix
sialolith stone in salivary gland
polyposis abnormal condition of multiple polyps in the mucous membrane of the intestine, especially the colon. Familial polyposis is a syndrome with a potential for malignancy if polyps are not removed when they are small
steatohepatitis inflammation of the liver associated with excess fat, often caused by alcohol abuse and obesity; over time could possibly cause cirrhosis
cirrhosis chronic disease of the liver with gradual destruction of cells and formation of scar tissue that is commonly caused by alcoholism and certain types of viral hepatitis
Chrohn's Disease chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract usually affecting the ileum and colon that is characterized by cobblestone ulcerations and the formation of scar tissue that may lead to intestinal obstruction (regional ileitis or regional enteritis)
gastroesphageal reflux disease (GERD) abnormal backflow of gastrointestinal contents into esophagus that causes heartburn, and gradual breakdown of mucous barrier of the esophagus. GERD may cause cellular changes in the lower esophagus (Barrett esophagus) and can increase risk of cancer
hemochromatosis iron metabolism disorder that occurs when to much iron is absorbed from food that results in excessive deposits of iron in the tissue and can lead to heart failure, diabetes, cirrhosis, or cancer of the liver
irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) periodic disturbances of bowel function i.e diarrhea/constipation and is usually associated with abdominal pain
sial/o saliva/salivary gland
hepat/o liver
cholelithiasis condition of gallstones
chol/e gall, bile
appendacitis inflammation of the appendix
append/o, appendic/o appendix
hemi- half
-pepsia digestion
adhesion abnormal growing together of two peritoneal surfaces that normally are seperated; may occur after abdominal surgery
adhesolysis or adhesiotomy surgical treatment to repair adhesion
glossorrhaphy suturing of the tongue
abdominoperineal resection (APR) removal of the distal colon, rectum, and anal spincter through both abdominal and perineal approaches, which is performed to treat some colorectal cancers and inflammatory disease of the lower large intestine. Patient will then have a colostomy.
bar weight
-iatr treatment
anastomosis connection created by surgically joining two structures i.e blood vessels or bowel segments
esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) visual exam of esophagus, stomach, and duodenum
Created by: dcobb12