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Vol. 1 Chapter 6

Public Health Definitions

epidemiology the study of factors that influence the frequency, distribution, and causes of injury, disease, and other health-related events in a population; the study of disease to determine its prevalence, course, and seriousness.
injury intentional or unintentional damage to a person resulting from acute exposure to thermal, mechanical, electrical, or chemical energy or from the absence of such essentials as heat and oxygen.
injury risk a hazardous or potentially hazardous situation that puts people in danger of sustaining injury.
injury surveillance program the ongoing systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of injury data essential to the planning, implementation, and evaluation of public health practice.
primary prevention keeping an injury from ever occurring.
public health the science and practice of protecting and improving the health of a community through the use of preventive medicine, health education, control of communicable diseases, application of sanitary, measures, and monitoring of environmental hazards.
secondary prevention medical care after an injury or illness that helps to prevent further problems from occurring.
tertiary prevention rehabilitation after an injury or illness that helps to prevent further problems from occurring.
years of productive life a calculation made by subtracting the age at death from 65.
Created by: Doublej986
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