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Ch.11 AP CHECKPOINTS

The Endocrine System: Glands and Hormones

QuestionAnswer
What are hormones, and what are some effects of hormones? (11-1 p.225) Chemicals that have specific regulatory effects on certain cells or organs in the body. Effects: Behavior, reproduction, metabolism, and regulates grow
What name is given to the specific tissue that responds to a hormone? (11-2 p.225) Target tissue
Hormones belong to what two chemical categories? (11-3 p.225) 1. Amino acid compounds 2. Steroids
What is the most common mechanism used to regulate hormone secretion? (11-4 p.225) NEGATIVE feedback
What part of the brain controls the pituitary? (11-5 p.228) HYPOTHALAMUS
What hormones are released from the posterior pituitary? **hint 2** (11-6 p.228) 1. ADH (antidiuretic hormone) 2. Oxytocin
What hormones does the anterior pituitary secrete? *hint (6)F-L-A-T-G-P* (11-7 p.228) 1. FSH- Follicle stimulating 2. LH- Lutrinizing 3. ACTH- Adrenocorticotrpic 4. TSH- Thyroid- Stimulating 5. GH- Growth 6. PRL- Prolactin
What is the effect of thyroid hormones on cells? (11-8 p.229) Increases the metabolic rate in cells
What mineral is needed to produce thyroid hormones? (11-9 p.229) Iodine
Which two hormones control calcium level in blood? (11-10 p.229) 1. PTH- Parathyroid Hormone 2. Calcium
What is the main hormone produced by the adrenal medulla? (11-11 p.230) Epinephrine (adrenaline)
What 3 categories of hormones are released by the adrenal cortex?(hint... M-S-G) (11-12 p.230) 1. Mineralocorticoids 2. Sex hormones 3. Glucocorticoids
What effect does cortisol have on blood glucose levels? (11-13 p.230) Raises blood glucose levels
What two hormones produced by the islets of the pancreas regulate blood glucose levels? (11-14 p.233) 1. Insulin 2. Glucagon
Sex hormones confer certain features associated with male and female gender. What are these features called as groups? (11-15 p.233) Secondary sex characteristics
What hormone does the pineal gland secrete? (11-16 p.233) Melatonin
What organs produce each of the following: 1.erythropoietin, 2.osteocalcin, and 3. ANP (atrial natriuretic peptide)? (11-17 p.234) 1. Kidneys (erythropoietin) 2. Bone tissue (osteocalcin) 3. Atria of the heart (ANP)
What are the four hormones released in times of stress? (hint.. C-A-G-E) (11-18 p.235) 1. Corticol 2. ADH (aka antidiuretic hormone) 3. Growth hormone 4. Epinephrine (aka adrenaline)
Created by: CChanako