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Culture & Heritage

Chap. 18

nonphysical traits, such as values, beliefs, attitudes, and customs, that are shared by a group of people and passed from one generation to the next culture
The US has been called a ____________ of people melting pot
the way in which many people of different cultures maintain the cultural values, beliefs, traditions, and practices of their heritage is more accurately defined by what term cultural mosaic
things passed down from previous generations heritage
What percentage of American Indian/Alaska Native's were in the US in 2004? Asian/ Pacific Islander and other? Black non-Hispanic? Hispanic? White non-Hispanic? Two or more races? 0.4, American Indian 3.3, Asian 4.6, Black 1.8, Hispanic 88.4, White 1.5, Two or more races
____________ __________ care is culturally sensitive, culturally appropriate, and culturally competent. professional nursing
implies that, within the delivered care, nurses understand and attend to the toatl context of the client's situation and use a complex combination of knowledge, attitudes, and skills culturally competent
implies that nurses possess some basic knowledge of and constructive attitudes toward the health traditions observed among the diverse cultural groups found in the setting in which they are practicing culturally sensitive
implies that nurses apply the underlying background knowledge that must be possessed to provide a given client with the best possible health care culturally appropriate
focuses onproviding care within the differences and similarities of the beliefs, values, and patterns of cultures transcultural nursing (Madeline Leininger, 1950s)
Children who arrive in the US should be evaluated within 10 to 14 days for the following: Immunization Hx, Infectious disease, parasites, general health, given PPD vaccine for TB exposure, developmental Hx and status, vision and hearing, and dental health
usually composed of peole who have a distinct identity and yet are related to a larger cultural group; they generally share ethnic origin or phusical characteristics with the larger cultural group subculture
used to describe a person who has dual patterns of identification and crosses two cultures, lifestyles, and sets of values bicultural
refers to the fact or state of being different diversity
what are the many factors that account for diversity race, gender, sexual orientation, cultur, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, educational attainment, religious affiliation, and so on
this occurs when people adapt to or borrow traits from another culture acculturation
the process by which an individual develops a new cultural identity; becoming like the members of the dominant culture losing his or her original cultural identity assimilation
the classification of people according to shard biologic characteristics, genetic markers, or features. They have common characteristics such as skin color, bone structure, facial features, hair texture, and blood type race
a negative belief or perference that is generalized about a group and that leads to "prejudgment" prejudice
assuming that all members of a culture or ethnic group are alike stereotyping
the belief that one's own culture or way of life is better than that of others ethnocentrism
the differential treatment of individuals or groups based on categories such as race, ethnicity, gender, social class, or exceptionality, occurs when a person acts on prejudice and denies other persons one or more of their fundamental rights discrimination
a disorder that occurs in response to transition from one cultural setting to another culture shock
relates to the observance of belief's and practices of a person's traditional cultural system (traditional) heritage consistency
the observance of the beliefs and practices of one's accultruated belief system (modern) heritage inconsistency
the model of heritage consistency has four overlapping components: culture, ethnicity, religion, and socialization
a complex whole in which each part is related to every other part. culture
cultural background is a fundamental component of one's ___________ _________ ehnic background
a group within the social system that claims to possess variable tratis such as a common religion or language ethnicity
a system of beliefs, practices, and ethical values about divine or superhuman power or powers worshipped as the creator and ruler of the universe religion
the process of being raised within a culture and acquiring the characteristics of that group socialization
Created by: 100000254654133