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Law quiz 1

TermDefinitionsub answer
Law Apply to all people at all times
Rule Regulations that apply only to the participants of the game/organisations during its duration
5 functions of law Establish Rules of Conduct Provide a System of Enforcement Protect Rights and Freedoms Protect Society Resolve Disputes -These rules are meant to prevent conflict and problems ~For laws to have meaning they must be enforced. Police, courts -Enforce the laws in society, ensures and limits individual freedoms -Protects people physically, mentally, socially, economically weak by limiting the powers of the strong or powerful -settle conflicts. Negotiation or court system
Divisions of the law Procedural and substantive
Procedural law Laws that outline the steps or procedures involved in protecting your rights I.e. procedures police must follow in warrants and arrests
Substantive law Laws that outline your rights and obligations in societies I.e. the criminal code tells you what are and are not crimes The charter outlines your rights and freedoms
divisions of private law tort, family, contract, property, labour and employment
divisions of public law criminal, constitutional, administrative
administrative law Outlines the relationship between citizens and government boards/agencies
appeal Referring a case to a higher court
case law Judges recorded, written decisions
civil law Private law governing the relationship between individuals; Quebec's legal system
Code of Hammurabi Earliest known set of written laws; 1750 BCE Babylon
codification a written collection of laws.
common law A system of law based on past legal systems; aka case law
constitutional law Outlines federal/provincial government structure/power
contract law An agreement enforceable by law
criminal law Portion of public law deciding what is a crime, and hands out punishments for crimes
defendant Criminal law = person charged with offence; civil law = being sued
family law Regarding family life aspects
feudal system A political/social/economic system in Europe between 9th/15th century's; based on lord/servant relationships
labour and employment law Laws governing relationships between employers and employees
lobby Trying to influence the government to pass laws that would support one's cause and/or benefit the organisation/the lobbies ; many logists are company/institution paid.
plaintiff Person suing in civil action
precedent A legal decisions serving as an example and authority in subsequent similar cases; basis for the rule of precedent-legal principle where similar fact = similar decisions
private law Outlines the legal relationship between private citizens and between citizens and organisations; includes family, labor, tort, contract, and property law
procedural law Fairness in the dispute resolving process
property law Outlines the relationship between people and property
public law Controls the relationship between individuals and the government; includes criminal/constitutional/administrative law
restitution Making good, restoring (returning goods, paying equivalent)
retribution A deserved penalty/punishment for a wrong/crime; vengeance
rule of law A fundamental principle that law applies to all people and neither an individual nor the government is above the law
Substantive law The rules outlining the person's rights/obligations in society
tort law The area of law holding a person/organisation accountable for damages caused by their actions against another
amending formula the set of conditions required to make changes to the. Constitution
bill a draft of a proposed law presented to parliament for discussion.
citation a reference to a former tried case, used as guidance in the trying of comparable cases or in support of an argument.
civil rights the rights of citizens to political and social freedom and equality.
habeas corpus anyone who was imprisoned was entitled to appear before the courts within a reasonable time.
patriation the process of bringing legislation back under the legal authority of the country to which it applies.
statue a law passed by a legislative body.
How a bill becomes a law First Reading - Bill is introduced Second Reading - Bill is debated in House of Commons Committee Stage - Bill is studied, revised, or changed ) Third Reading - Further debate on the amended bill; Vote in the House of Commons Senate (similar process: 3 readings, vote) Royal Assent (governor general signs bill into law
What is law? 3 things Laws are a set of rules established and enforced by the government Laws are mandatory Laws involve a detailed system of consequences
Created by: MooshroomsRCool