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DLC Year 9 Geography

Term 1 Exam Definitions Revision

Environment The surroundings or conditions on which a person, animal or plant lives or operates.
Ecosystem A community of interacting plants, animals and their physical surroundings.
Biome A large area on earth defined by the climate, vegetation and animals that inhabit the area.
Climate The average type of weather, including seasonal change over a long period of time
Biodiversity Biodiversity is the variety of all life forms on earth, it is a constant changing balance between all living things on earth.
Biosphere Consists of all the living things on earth.
Geosphere The earth all non living natural things including rocks,mountains and soil.
Hydrosphere The earth's contents of water including precipitation.
Agriculture The science or practice of farming, including cultivation of the soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food, wool, and other products
Subsistence Farming The practice of growing crops and raising livestock sufficient only for one's own use, without any surplus for trade.
Slash and Burn A method of agriculture in which existing vegetation is cut down and burned off before new seeds are sown, typically used as a method for clearing forest land for farming.
Food Security The state of having reliable access to a sufficient quantity of affordable, nutritious food.
Crop Yield The measure of the yield of a crop per unit area of land cultivation, and the seed generation of the plant
Weather The state of the atmosphere at a particular place and time
Under Nourishment Not getting enough food or not getting enough healthy food for good health and growth
Malnourishment Lack of proper nutrition, caused by not having enough to eat, not eating enough of the right things, or being unable to use the food that one does eat
Tundra A vast, flat, treeless Arctic region of Europe, Asia, and North America in which the subsoil is permanently frozen
Subsoil The soil lying immediately under the surface soil
Producers A person, company, or country that makes, grows, or supplies goods or commodities for sale
Consumers A person who purchases goods and services for personal use
Terracing A piece of sloped plane that has been cut into a series of successively receding flat surfaces or platforms, which resemble steps, for the purposes of more effective farming
Aquatic Consisting of, relating to, or being in water
Terrestrial Biology Living or growing on land or on or in the ground
Savanna A grassy plain in tropical and subtropical regions, with few trees
Rainforest The Tropical Rainforest is a forest occurring in tropical areas of heavy rainfall. It is abundant with many species of wildlife and vegetation
Desert A landscape form that receives very little precipitation
Alpine An ecosystem that doesn't contain trees due to its high altitude or the area where a mountain's snow line begins
Wetlands Land consisting of marshes or swamps; saturated land
Created by: lucygunther