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Is Erlkonig by Franz Schubert major or minor key? Minor
Is Piano Man by Billy Joel duple or triple meter? Triple
Is Rocky Theme song duple or triple meter? Duple
Is Sir Duke by Stevie Wonder major or minor key Major
What instrument family is Blue Bells of Scotland by Arthur Pryor Brass
What instrument family is Timpani Solo? Percussion (timpani is a percussion instrument)
La campanella- What instrument family is this Keyboard
What instrument family is Flight of the Bumblebee Woodwind
What instrument family is Paganini Caprice #24 by Hilary Hahn String
What texture is the monks singing Gregorian chant Monophonic (just remember this shit)
What texture is Bach's "Little" Fugue in G minor, organ polyphonic
Syncopation A rhythmic device in which the natural accent falling on a strong beat is displaced to a weak beat or between the beats
What is a measure? A group of beats
What is the definition of meter? The gathering of beats into regular groups
What is the downbeat First beat in each unit
What is a meter signature (time signature) Tells performer how the beats of the music are grouped to form a meter
What information does the lower number in a meter signature tell? What "size" notes to play e.g. quarter, half, whole notes
Beat definition a regularly recurring sound that divides the passing of time into equal units
Which term is synonymous with bar Measure
What is melody? Melody is the tune- a series of notes arranged in order to form a distinctive, recognizable musical unit
What is the octave? The interval comprising the first and eighth tones of the major and minor scale
What is the treble clef? Notes above middle C
What is the bass clef? Notes below middle C
What is the great staff? Combination of treble and bass clefs
What is "Key" A tonal center built on a tonic note
What is modulation The process in music whereby the tonal center changes from one key to another
What is the major scale? A seven note scale that ascends by 1-1-1/2-1-1-1-1/2
What is the correct meaning of mode? A pattern of pitches forming a scale- major and minor
What is tonic The central pitch around which the melody and harmony gravitate.
What is scale? An arrangement of pitches that ascends and descends in a fixed and unvarying pattern
Identify the correct statement about the minor scale Might be on a quiz, IDK
What is harmony? The sounds that provide the support and enrichment for melody
Dissonance describes A discordant mingling of sounds
The triad is A basic chord in Western music, consists of three pitches and two intervals of a third
What is dominant triad major chord, symbolized by the Roman numeral "V" in the major scale
What is a chord a group of two or more pitches that sound at the same time
What is an interval The distance between any two pitches on a musical scale
What is a chord progression? A succession of chords changing in a purposeful fashion
Ostinato Any element of music that continually repeats is called an ostinato
Tempo The speed at which the beat sounds
What is accelerando? When tempo gets faster
What is a slow tempo called? Lento
Which term is synonymous with timbre? Color
What is a trill Rapidly alternates between two distinctly separate but neighboring pitches
What is vibrato? Shaking left hand that creates a wobble in the pitch and adds richness to the tone
Tremolo Techinique that causes a tremor by repeating the same pitch with quick up and down strokes
Glissando Effect of sliding up or down the scale very rapidly
What is pizzicato Plucking the strings, creates a sharp sound
What is an orchestral score A composite of the musical lines of all of the instruments of the orchestra and from which a conductor conducts
What is forte? Playing loud
What is piano? Playing soft
What is color? The character or quality of a musical tone produced by a voice or an instrument
What is texture? The density and disposition of the musical lines that make up a musical composition
What is monophony A single line of music with no harmony
polyphony is A musical texture involving two or more simultaneously sounding lines; the lines are often independent and create counterpoint
What is canon a canon is a contrapuntal (counterpoint-based) compositional technique that employs a melody with one or more imitations of the melody played after a given duration
What is homophony? Means same sounding. The voices or lines all move together to new pitches at roughly the same time.
What is the purpose of repetition in music? To validate the importance of a section of music by repeating it
What is strophic form? A musical form often used in setting a strophic, or stanzaic text, such as hymn or carol
What is theme and variations? A theme continually returns but is varied by changing the notes of the melody, harmony, rhythm, or some other feature of the music
What is binary form? Form consisting of two contrasting units, constructed to balance and complement each other
What is ternary form? Most prevalent form in classical music (ABA)- a three part musical form in which the third section is a repeat of the first
What is rondo form? Classical form with at least 3 statements of the refrain and at least two contrasting sections
What is musical style? The general surface sound produced by the interaction of the elements of music: melody, rhythm, harmony, color texture, and form
When and where did Baroque music first appear? 1600 in Italy
Which monarch came to epitomize the grandeur and glory of the Baroque era, building a palace so monumental that it was virtually a small, independent city? Louis XIV
Which characteristic does NOT apply to the art and music of the Baroque period? On Chapter 6 quiz,
What is a figured bass? A numerical shorthand that tells the player which unwritten notes to fill in above the written bass note
What was the prominent genre during the early Baroque that features a vocal soloist singing a highly charged, emotional text with an accompaniment of a few instruments? Monody
What is basso continuo? A small ensemble of at least two instrumentalists who provide a foundation for the melody; heard almost exclusively in Baroque music
Which statement best applies to opera? On Chapter 6 quiz
Why is Orfeo important? It is the first true example of opera
What is a simple recitative Recitative accompanied only by a basso continuo or a harsichord, and not the full orchestra
What is an aria? An elaborate lyrical song for solo voice, more passionate and more tuneful than a recitative
What is an ostinato? A motive or phrase that is constantly repeated
The lament, "When I am laid in Earth" is a ground bass aria from... Henry Purcell's Dido and Aeneas
What is a toccata A one movement composition, a musical preamble, free in form, originally for keyboard but later for instrumental ensemble
The musical form of Monteverdi's Prologue from Orfeo is.... Strophic variation
Identify the term that does NOT apply to the fugue Chapter 8 quiz
What is a subject? The term for the principal theme in a fugue
Which Baroque genre opens with a section called the exposition? Fugue
What is an exposition? The opening section in a fugue, in which each voice has the opportunity to present the subject
What is an episode? A passage of free, nomimitative counterpoint found in a fugue
What is fugue? A composition for 3,4,or 5 parts played or sung by voices or instruments; begins with a presentation of a subject in imitation in each part and continues with modulating passages of free counterpoint... Bach
What is pedal point? A note, usually in the bass, sustained or continually repeated for a period of time while the harmonies change around it
What is cadenza? A showy passage for the soloist appearing near the end of the movement in a concerto; usually incorporates rapid runs, apreggios, blah blah blah
Which composition includes an elaborate cadenza for solo harpsichord? Bach's Brandenburg Concerto No.5
Identify the statement that does NOT apply to the late Baroque church cantata. On Chapter 8 quiz, "since it was a liturgical drama, the singers wore elaborate costumes, but the scenery was minimal due to its church setting"
Which composition is an example of the late Baroque church cantata? Wachet auf
The three movements for chorus from Bach's wachet auf are based on the text and melody of a sixteenth-century Chorale
What is a chorale? The German word for the hymn of the Lutheran Church; hence a simple religious melody to be sung by the congregation
Which of the following means Well Tuned Keyboard? Well tempered clavier
Identify the statement that does NOT apply to Brandenburg Concerto No.5 The Margrave of Brandenburg commissioned the work to be played during a fireworks display celebrating the birthday of his half-borther, the king of Prussia
Which statement regarding Bach's Organ Fugue in G minor is CORRECT? Bach composed it while working as organist for the Duke of Weimar
Identify the statement that does NOT apply to Bach's time in Weimar Bach wrote music for university ceremonies and directed the Collegium Musicum
All of the statements below apply to Bach's career in Cothen EXCEPT He wrote operas for the prince of Cothen's private theater
Which activity was NOT a part of Bach's duties as cantor of St. Thomas Church? Writing concertos for weekly concerts by the school's orchestra
Created by: PiMpSiNtHeCrIb
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