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Science 15 Words

communicable disease A contagious disease caused by a pathogen
noncommunicable disease A disease that is not contagious and is not caused by a pathogen
pathogen anything that causes a communicable disease; also called a germ
vector An insect or animal that carries and can transmit a pathogen
epidemic The spread of diseases to a great number of people
epidemiologist are scientists that study the causes and spread of diseases through community's
inflammatory response one nonspecific defense is often called
immune response The body's specific response to disease involving the immune system
antibody A special protein, produced by white blood cells that can destroy a specific pathogen
memory cells a type of white blood cells that remembers a pathogen specific antibody needed to destroy the pathogen
immunity the body's special protection against diseases; provided by memory cells
vaccine a substance containing dead or weakened pathogens that are used to encourage an immune response for that pathogen
antibiotic a chemical that is made by microorganisms this chemical is useful for medicine
allergen Anything that causes the immune system to have an allergic reaction
autoimmune disease A disorder that occurs when the immune system attacks the healthy cells that it should protect
Created by: NancBradl



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