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Science 14

QuestionAnswer
Central Nervous System the part of the nervous system that consists of the brain and the spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System the part of the nervous system that consists of millions of nerve cells that communicate what is going on in the body
Autonomic Nervous System the part of the nervous system that controls internal organs and glands
Somatic Nervous System the part of the nervous system that controls muscles and movement.
Brain the body's command center
Spinal Cord A bundle of nerve fibers that connects the brain to the rest of the body
Hormones A chemical messenger produced and used by the bodies endocrine system
Neurons A nerve cell that carries impulses between various parts of the body
Endocrine Glands An organ containing special cells that make and release hormones to be distributed throughout the body
Synapses the gap between neurons across which neurotransmitters cross
Endocrine System a system works slowly, using hormones. works with nervous system to control all the functions of the human body
Alzheimer's Disease A disorder of the nervous system; affects a persons mind, often decreasing a person short term memory, ability to learn new information and ability to reason
Multiple Sclerosis An autoimmune disease that destroys the myelin coating covering the axon in some neurons; can result in muscle weakness, paralysis or loss of vision
Parkinson's Disease A disorder of the nervous system that damages brain cells that control movement
Epilepsy A seizure disorder caused by the neurons in the brain sending electrical impulses too quickly and at an irregular rate
Olfactory Nerve sends impulse to the brain from the nose
Optic Nerve connects the eye to the brain, transfers nerve impulses from the retina to the brain
Auditory Nerve carries the impulses from the brain to the ear to be interpreted
Hypothalamus A group of special cells near the base of the brain that helps to regulate parts of the body such as pituitary gland
Reflexes An action that happens before the brain has time to think about the action
Short Term Memory memory that involves temporary storage of information
Long Term Memory memory that involves storage and recall of information for a long period of time
REM (Rapid Eye Movement) sleep is when our brains sort through and organize all of the information received throughout the day
Created by: NancBradl