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150 ACT Words

Words used on the ACT

TermDefinition
adhere stick completely to a surface or substance or believe in and follow the practices of
aloof not friendly or forthcoming; cool and distant
ambiguous open to more than one interpretation; having a double meaning
analyze examine in detail, typically for purposes of explanation and interpretation
anecdote a short and amusing or interesting story about a real incident or person
antagonize cause someone to become hostile
apprehensive anxious or fearful that something bad will happen
arcane mysterious or secret
assert state a fact or belief confidently and forcefully
assess evaluate or estimate the nature, ability, or quality of
attribute regard something as being caused by someone or something
bear endure an ordeal or difficulty
befall (of something bad) happen to someone
burgeon begin to grow or increase rapidly; flourish
coherent logical and consistent
compassion concern for the sufferings or misfortunes of others
compensate (for) make up for something unwelcome or unpleasant by exerting an opposite force or effect
complement a thing that completes or brings to perfection a larger whole
compose 1.write or create 2. constitute or make up
condescending having or showing a feeling of superiority
consecutive following continuously; in unbroken or logical sequence
contour an outline, especially one representing or bounding the shape or form of something
contract decrease in size, number, or range
contradict be in conflict with
correlate have a mutual relationship or connection (corollary, correlated)
corollary a direct or natural consequence or result
critical 1. expressing adverse or disapproving comments or judgements 2. expressing or involving an analysis of thee merits and faults of a work of literature, music or art 3. involving the objective analysis and evaluatio of an issue for judgement
cumbersome 1. large or heavy and therefore difficult to carry or use 2. slow
deficit The amount by which something is too small
demean cause a severe loss in the dignity of and respect for someone or something
depict show or represent
determine 1. cause (something) to occur in a particular way; be the decisive factor in 2. ascertain or establish exactly, typically as a result of research or calculation
devoid entirely lacking or free from
differentiate 1. recognize or ascertain what makes (someone or something) different* 2. (different between) identify difference between (two or more things or people) 3. make (someone or something) appear different or distinct 4. make or become different in the
diffuse spread out over a large area; not concentrated
digress leave the main subject temporarily in speech or writing
diminish make or become less
discrepancy a lack of compatibility or similarity between two or more facts
(dis)inclined willing or positive about an action, belief, or attitude (disinclined: unwilling or negative about something)
dismay consternation and distress, typically caused by something unexpected
disposition 1. a person's inherent qualities of mind and character* 2. an inclination or tendency
dynamic characterized by constant change, activity, or progress
eclipse a loss of significance, power, or prominence in relation to another person or thing
emerge become apparent, important, or prominent
eminent famous and respected within a particular sphere or profession
engage 1. occupy, attract, or involve ( someone's interest or attention) 2. (engage someone in)cause someone to become involved in (a conversation or discussion) 3. (engage in) participate or become involved in*
engross absorb all the attention or interest of
ethereal extremely delicate and light in a way that seems too perfect for this world
evolve develop gradually, especially from a simple to a more complex form
exploit 1. make full use of and derive benefit from* 2. use a situation or person in an unfair or selfish way
facilitate make an action or process easy or easier
feign pretend to be affected by feeling, state, or injury
fleeting lasting for a very short time
glaring extremely obvious or conspicuous
hardship severe suffering or deprivation
hurtle move or cause to move at a great speed, typically in an uncontrolled manner
immerse involve oneself deeply in a particular activity or interest* (or) dip or submerge in a liquid
imminent about to happen
(im)mobile able to move or be moved freely or easily (immobile: not able to be moved)
impervious unable to be affected by
incendiary 1. tending to stir up conflict* 2. designed to cause fires
incompetent not having or showing the necessary skills to do something successfully
(in)conceivable capable of being imagined or grasped mentally (inconceivable: not capable of being imagined)
(in)dissoluble able to be dissolved, loosened, or disconnected (indissoluble: solid, not able to be broken apart)
inevitable certain to happen; unavoidable
infer deduce or conclude (information) from evidence and reasoning rather than from clear statements (inference)
integrate combine one thing with another so that they become a whole
intuition the ability to understand something immediately, a 'gut feeling'
justify 1. show or prove to be right or reasonable* 2. be a good reason for
lack be without or deficient in
latent existing but not yet developed or obvious; hidden; concealed
lethargic sluggish and apathetic
mere used to emphasize how small or insignificant someone or something is
minute extremely small (pronouned MY-noot)
mishap an unlucky accident
nostalgia a sentimental longing or affection for the past
notion a conception of or belief about something
obsolete no longer produced or used; out of date
obstruct to be or get in the way of; prevent; hinder
omit leave out or exclude ( someone or something), either intentionally or forgetfully
orient align or position something relative to a known point or landmark
paradox an idea that, despite sound (or apparently sound) reasoning from acceptable premises, leads to a conclusion that seems senseless, logically unacceptable, or self-contradictory
pensive engaged in, involving, or reflecting deep or serious thought
peril serious and immediate danger
perpetual occurring repeatedly; so frequent as to seem endless and uninterrupted
ponder think about something carefully
potent having great power, influence, or effect
precede 1. come before( something) in time 2. come before in order or position* (preceding)
predate exist or occur at a date earlier than something
principle a fundamental truth or proposition that serves as the foundation for a system of belief or behavior
proficient competent or skilled in doing or using something
profound 1. very great or intense* 2. having or showing great knowledge or insight
pungent having an intensely strong taste or smell
redundant not or no longer needed or useful
reflect 1. (of a surface or body) throw back (heat, light, or sound) without absorbing it 2. (of a mirror or shiny surface) show an image of 3. embody or represent ( something) in a faithful or appropriate way 4. (reflect well/badly on) bring about a goo
relevant closely connected or appropriate to the matter at hand (antonym: irrelevant
resent feel bitterness or slight anger at a circumstance, action, or person
revive 1. to regain life, consciousness, or strength 2. restore interest in or the popularity of*
rudimentary 1. involving or limited to basic principles 2. of or relating to an immature, undeveloped, or basic form*
sensory of or relating to sensation or the physical senses; transmitted or perceived by the senses
skeptical not easily convinced; having doubts or reservations
solemn formal and dignified; serious
static lacking in movement, action, or change
superlative of the highest quality or degree
sustainable 1. able to be maintained at a certain rate or level 2. conserving an ecological balance by avoiding depletion of natural resources*
trait a distinguishing quality or characteristic
trivial of little value or importance
(un)realized give actual or physical form to (unrealized: not given form to, such as 'unrealized plans' to have a picnic on a rainy day)
void a completely empty space
wholly entirely; fully
abundant existing or available in large quantities; plentiful
altitude the height of an object or point in relation to sea level or ground level
attribute a quality or feature regarded as a characteristic or inherent part someone or something
characteristic typical of a particular person, place, or thing
combustion the process of burning something
conduct(ivity) transmit a form of energy such as heat or electricity (conductivity: the effectiveness of a material at conducting energy)
correspond have a close similarity; match or agree almost exactly
decelerate reduce the speed of; lose velocity; move more slowly
deposition the process of some substance being naturally deposited somewhere
distinguish recognize or treat ( someone or something) as different
efficient being effective without wasting time or effort or expense; able to accomplish a purpose; functioning effectively
emit give off, send forth, or discharged; as of light, heat, or radiaton, vapor, etc.
erode remove soil or rock; become ground down or deteriorate
evolution a process in which something passes by degrees to a different stage (especially a more advanced or mature stage)
exert put to use; make a great effort at a mental or physical task
exhibit show an attribute, property, knowledge, or skill; to show, make visible or apparent
fuse mix together different elements; join
gauge measure precisely and against a standard; determine the capacity, volume, or contents of by measurement and calculation
generalize draw from specific cases for more general cases
given specified or stated: students' understanding of any given topic
hypothesis a tentative theory about the natural world; a concept that is not yet verified but that if true would explain certain facts or phenomena
incremental increasing gradually by regular degrees or additions
intact undamaged in any way; whole
interval the distance between things; a definite length of time marked off by two instants
larvae the active immature form of an insect, especially one that differs greatly from the adult and forms the stage between egg and pupa, e.g., a caterpillar or grub.
latter the second of two or the second mentioned of two
mass the quantity of matter that something contains
maturation coming to full development; becoming mature
onset the beginning or early stages
precipitation the falling to earth of any form of water ( rain or snow or hail or sleet or mist)
prolong lengthen or extend in duration or space
directly proportional a relationship between two connected amounts, factors or quantities in which an increase in one causes an increase in the other;
inversely proportional a relationship between two connected amounts, factors or quantities in which an increase in one causes a decrease in the other
residual relating to or indicating a remainder; something left after other parts have been taken away
solution a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances; frequently ( but not necessarily) a liquid solution
substrate any substance or layer lying underneath another; a surface on which an organism grows or is attached; the substance that is acted upon by an enzyme or ferment
trail a specific experiment or set of experiments within a larger context
uniform evenly spaced; always the same; showing a single form or character in all occurrences
variable in an experiment: an element, feature, or factor that is changed within the experiment to determine its effects
Created by: CHSStudent
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