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Immobilization

TermDefinition
Bivalved cast a cast that is cut into two pieces lengthwise from either a body or a cylinder cast
Body cast a larger form of a cylinder cast and encircles an arm or leg and leaves the toes or fingers exposed
Braces custom-made or custom-fitted devices designed to support weakened structures
Cast a rigid mold placed around an injured body part after it has been restored to correct the anatomic alignment
Cervical collar a foam or rigid splint placed around the neck
Compartment syndrome occurs when there is swelling within fascia that does not expand
Cylinder cast most common type of cast, encircles an arm or leg and leaves the toes or fingers exposed
External fixator a metal device inserted into and through one or more broken bones to stabilize fragments
Functional braces braces that provide stability for an unstable joint
Immobilizers commercial splints made from cloth and foam and held in place by adjustable hook and loop tape (such as velcro) straps
Inflatable splints (pneumatic) immobilizing devices that become rigid when filled with air
Manual traction pulling on the body using a person's hands and muscular strength
Molded splints orthotic devices made of rigid materials and are used for chronic injuries accompanied by inflammation
Orthoses orthopedic devices that support or align a body part and prevent or correct deformities
Petals strips of adhesive tape or moleskin for the purpose of reducing skin irritation from the rough edges of a cast
Pin site the location where pins, wires, or tongs enter or exit the skin
Pneumatic splints (inflatable) immobilizing devices that become rigid when filled with air
Prophylactic braces braces used to prevent or reduce the severity of a joint injury
Rehabilitative braces braces that allow protected motion of an injured joint that has been treated operatively
Skeletal traction pull exerted directly on the skeletal system by attaching wires, pins, or tongs into or through a bone
Skin traction a pulling effect on the skeletal system by applying devices to the skin, such as a pelvic belt and a cervical halter
Sling a cloth device used to elevate, cradle, and support parts of the body
Spica cast cast that encircles one or both arms or legs and the chest or trunk
Splint a device that immobilizes and protects an injured body part
Traction a pulling effect exerted on a part of the skeletal system
Traction splints metal devices that immobilize and pull on contracted muscles
Window square of plaster removed from a cast that provides an area for inspecting or treating underlying tissue
Created by: Jessica Venyke
 

 



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