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LPN A&P

chapter 12 endocrine

QuestionAnswer
ductless endocrine glands are known as ___________ glands
neurohypophysis name for the posterior pituitary
endocrinology field of medicine that diagnoses and treats disorders of the endocrine system
antidiuretic an agent that decreases urine production
endocrine a gland that produces an internal or hormonal secretion
ADH AntiDiuretic Hormone
SAD Seasonal Affective Disorder
hormone chemical formed in one tissue or organ and carried by the bloodstream to stimulate or inhibit a function of another tissue or organ
hormonal pertaining to hormones
hypothalamus an endocrine gland in the floor and wall of the third ventricle of the brain
hypothalamic pertaining to the hypothalamus
melatonin hormone formed by the pineal gland
oxytocin pituitary hormone that stimulates the uterus to contract
pineal pertaining to the pineal gland
prostaglandin hormone present in many tissues, but first isolated from the prostate gland
serotonin neurotransmitter in central and peripheral nervous systems
ACTH AdrenoCorticoTropic Hormone
DI Diabetes Insipidous
FSH Follicle-Stimulating Hormone
GH Growth Hormone
LH Luteinizing Hormone
OT OxyTocin
PRL PRoLactin
TSH Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone
adrenocorticotropic hormone of the anterior pituitary that stimulates the cortex of the adrenal gland to produce its own hormones
corticosteroid a hormone produced by the adrenal cortex
corticotropin Pituitary hormone that stimulates the cortex of the adrenal gland to secrete cortisone
cortisone a coritcosteroid produced in small amounts by the adrenal cortex
diabetes insipidus excretion of large amounts of dilute urine as a result of inadequate antidiuretic hormone production
gonadotropin any hormone that stimulates gonadal function
gonad an organ that produces sex cells; a testis or an ovary
prolactin pituitary hormone that stimulates the production of milk
somatotropin hormone of the anterior pituitary that stimulates the growth of body tissues; also called Growth Hormone
thyrotropin hormone from the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates function of the thyroid gland
protein nonsteroid hormones are based on this substance
pituitary gland that exerts more influence over body processes than any other gland
neural type of tissue that makes up the posterior pituitary
glandular type of tissue that makes up the anterior pituitary
target cells having receptors for a particular hormone are called______ cells.
adenohypopnysis another name for the anterior pituitary
hormones chemical messengers secreted by the endocrine system
endocrine The organs of the _______system are widely dispersed in the body. All organs in the __________system are glands. ______________glands produce hormones.
nonsteroid hormone It is carried through the blood to the target organ cell. It requires a second messenger.
steroid hormone its receptor is the nucleus of the target organ cell
prostaglandins they travel a much shorter distance than most hormones. they can also be called tissue hormone. they function like nonsteroid hormones because they cause the production of cyclic AMP
luteinizing hormone its target organ cells are in the ovaries. it stimulates ovulation
ACTH stimulates the release of aderenaline
hypersecreation of the growth hormone acromegaly is caused by
hyposecreation of the growth hormone dwarfism is caused by
hypothalamus produces ADH
thyroxine has more target cells than ADH
calcitonic prevents hypercalcemia
goiter an inadequate intake of iodine in the diet can cause
steroid or nonsteroid Hormones can be classified as either
negative feedback loop The control of hormonal secretion is usually part of a
prostaglandins Known as tissue hormones, these substances play an important role in communication and the control of many body functions
adenohypophysis and neurohypophysis The pituitary gland is really two glands.
luteinizing hormone The formation and activity of the corpus luteum is a result of the secretion of which hormone?
prolactin The hormone that stimulates breast development necessary for eventual lactation is
posterior pituitary gland Antidiuretic hormone and oxytocin are stored and released by the
adrenal cortex Corticoids are hormones secreted by the
gluconeogenesis The process stimulated by glucocorticoids that converts amino acids to glucose is called
hypothalamus The part of the brain that plays a dominant role in the regulation of many body functions such as body temperature, appetite, and thirst is the
adrenal cortex The portion of the adrenal gland that secretes the hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine is the
insulin decreases blood glucose concentration; glucagon increases it. Insulin and glucagons are antagonists because
Anterior Pituitary gland Where is TSH or Thyroid stimulating hormone made?
Adrenal Medulla Where is epinephrine and norepinephrine made?
Adrenal Cortex Where are the sex hormones (Androgens) made?
Ovaries Where is estrogen and progesterone made?
Pancreatic Islets Where is glucagon made?
Pineal gland Where is melatonin made?
Thyroid Where is calcitonin made?
Anterior Pituitary Where is the growth hormone made?
Pancreatic islets Where is insulin made?
Anterior pituitary gland Where is Adrenocorticotropic (ACTH)hormone made?
Placenta Where is chorionic gonadotropin made?
Anterior Pituitary Where is the Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) made?
Thymus Where is thymosin made?
Anterior Pituitary gland Where is prolactin (PRL) (lactogenic hormone) made?
Adrenal Cortex Where is aldosterone (an MCS or mineralcorticoid) made?
Anterior Pituitary gland Where is Melanocyte Stimulating hormone or (MSH) made?
Intercellular spaces Where do Endocrine glands secrete their hormones?
Created by: wendyhall1976