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Cerebrum: Ext Object

cerebrum: cortex - motor areas planning, initiating voluntary movement
cerebrum: cortex - primary sensory cortices initial sites for processing sensory experiences at the conscious level
cerebrum: cortex - association areas bring together info from other regions to create complex interpretations, formulate complex action plans
frontal lobe voluntary motor areas, prefrontal cortex deals with executive functions, Broca's area is on the left side mostly and is associated with language production
parietal lobe conscious somatosensory areas, spatial awareness, and Werkinkes area (also left) and is associated with language comprehension (understanding)
temporal lobe also Wernikes area, sensory areas - hearing and vision, memory - the hippocampus (still on surface of brain)
occipital lobe vision
insult part of the FRONTAL lobe, needs a special dissection, receives info about physiologic states and sensory stimuli, seems to generate subjective feelings about body state, involved in motivational states, decision making
basis of Brodmann's areas based on cytoarchitecture, how cells are arranged, different areas because they have different functions
what is the functional relationship between primary sensory areas, modality specific association areas, and multimodal association areas simple to complex, from sensing to understanding the sensation or environment
primary sensory areas beginning of conscious awareness
modality specific association areas more complex aspects of sensation - interpretation
multimodal association areas the meaning of sensory experience, takes from multiple places of information
What is the functional relationship of the primary motor area, premotor & supplementary motor regions, and prefrontal cortex.? it is a hierarchy, steps for conscious movement - thinking to action, Goes from complex to simple
primary motor area action of motor movement
premotor & supplementary motor regions motor plan
prefrontal cortex motivation/idea
3, 1, 2 SOMATOSENSORY cortex, post central gyrus
4 primary MOTOR cortex, precentral gyrus
6 & 8 premotor & supplementary MOTOR cortices, posterior side of the 3 frontal gyri & middle portion of the superior and middle frontal gyri
17 primary VISUAL cortex, bank of calcalrine sulcus (divides cuneus and lingual gyri), in and around the calcirine fissure
18 & 19 VISUAL association cortices, cuneus and lingual gyrus
39 & 40 (+ posterior 22) Wernicke’s area (language comprehension), superior temporal gyrus, supra marginal gyrus, angular gyrus
41 & 42 primary AUDITORY cortex, anterior transverse temporal gyrus, in the bank of the lateral sulcus
44 & 45 Broca’s area (speech production), pars triangular, pars opercularis
Created by: eew888