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Spring Quiz 3

Masterbooks Intro to A&P Volume 3

TermDefinition
gray matter made up of the cell bodies of neurons and neuroglia: cerebral cortex
white matter made up of both myelinated and nonmyelinated axons
corpus callosum a large band of white matter that connects the two cerebral hemispheres
lateralized the responsibility for certain functions rests with one hemisphere or the other
precentral gyrus the ridge in front of the central sulcus
cranial vault also called the cranium; the large open space inside the skull
meninges three layers of connective tissue that cover the brain and spinal cord
periosteal the outermost layer of the dura attached to the inside of the cranium
meningeal the inner layer of the dura
pia mater dips down into the folds and grooves in the brain
cerebrospinal fluid this fluid flows around the brain and spinal cord, cushioning both
meningitis an inflammation of the meninges
cerebrum the largest part of the human brain
sulci the folds of the cerebrum
cerebral hemispheres the two halves of the cerebrum
premotor cortex sends appropriate signals to the primary motor cortex to get voluntary muscle movement underway
expressive aphasia the inability to speak or for people to express themselves
association areas the important areas of the cerebrum that receive and process information from many sources
frontal association area learning, reasoning, planning, and abstract reasoning
visual association area processes visual information to allow us to understand what we are looking at
Wernicke's area the place where language we hear is processed, allowing us to understand speech
auditory association area helps us distinguish between types of sounds