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ch.10 and 11 pt.1

Cell growth and division

TermDefinition
cell cycle the cell cycle describes the life of a eukaryotic cell; it is a repeating sequence of cellular growth and division
chromatid a chromosome that has been newly copied or the copy of such a chromosome, the two of them still joined to the original chromosome by a single centromere.
centromere chromatids that are connected at a point
diploid when a cell has two sets of chromosomes
haploid when a cell has one set of chromosomes
karyotype a photo of the chromosome in a dividing cell in which they are organized in relation to size and type
sex chromosome contains information that determine the sex of an individual
autosomes 22 of the 23 pairs of chromosomes that humans have
mitosis the nucleus is divided into 2 nuclei. (PMAT)
cytokinesis when the cytoplasm divides, results in two identical daughter cells.(plants: cell plate forms across the middle of the plant so that a new cell wall can form)
interphase goes on during 90% of a cells life. cell grows, dna is copied, and preparations are made for cell division
Created by: IzzyMarie.13