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MA 1 UNIT 3

MUSCULAR SYSTEM

QuestionAnswer
APPROXIMATELY HOW MANY MUSCLESARE IN THE HUMAN BODY? 600
SOME MUSCLES WORK IN PARTNERSHIP WITH WHAT? BONES
WHAT CONTROLS VOLUNTARY MUSCLE MOVEMENT? THE MOTOR NERVES OF THE PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
THE BODY STORES CARBS IN THE MUSCLES IN THE FORM OF A WHAT? STARCH
WHAT IS THE STARCH THAT IS STORED IN THE MUSCLES CALLED? GLYCOGEN
WHAT IS GLYCOGEN CHANGED INTO? GLUCOSE
WHAT IS THE MUSCLES SOURCE OF ENERGY? GLUCOSE
WHAT IS RELEASED AS YOU USE YOUR STORED ENERGY? HEAT
WHY DO YOU RELEASE HEAT AS YOU USE YOUR ENERGY? TO WARM THE BODY
DO THE MUSCLES PROVIDE HEAT? YES
DO THE MUSCLES PROVIDE THE ABILTY TO MOVE OR NOT? THEY DO
DO THE MUSCLES SUPPORT THE STRUCTURE OF THE BODY? YES
CAN THE MUSCLES HOLD THE BODY UPRIGHT? YES
WHAT DO THE STRUCTURE OF THE SKELETAL MUSCLES SERVE AS? TO PROTECT THE BLOOD VESSELS & NERVES WHICH LIE THROUGHOUT THE BODY
WHAT DO THE MUSCLES PROVIDE PROTECTIVE PADDING FOR? TO SHIELD DELICATE ORGANS & STRUCTURES FROM INJURY
DO THE MUSCLES ADD A NICE SHAPE TO THE BODY? YES
WHAT ARE THE 3 OF THE FUNCTIONS OF MUSCLES? TO PROVIDE HEAT TO PROVIDE THE ABILITY TO MOVETO SUPPORT THE STRUCTURE OF THE BODY & HOLD IT UPRIGHT
WHAT ARE 2 MORE OF THE FUNCTIONS ON MUSCLES? TO PROTECT THE BLOOD VESSELS & NERVESPROVIDE PROTECTION FOR THE INTERNAL ORGANS & STRUCTURES FROM INJURY
WHAT IS ANOTHER FUNCTION OF THE MUSCLES? TO ADD TO THE SHAPE OF THE BODY
HOW MANY TYPES OF MUSCLE TISSUE ARE THERE? 3
WHAT IS THE FIRST TYPE OF MUSCLE TISSUE? SKELETAL MUSCLE TISSUE
WHERE DO SKELETAL MUSCLES ATTACH? TO BONES
WHAT DO SKELETAL MUSCLES ATTACH TO BONE FOR? TO ALLOW FOR MOVEMENT
WHAT IS THE SECOND TYPE OF MUSCLE ATTACH? SMOOTH MUSCLE TISSUE
WHAT IS SMOOTH MUSCLE TISSUE MADE UP OF? SMALL DELICATE MUSCLE CELLS
WHERE IS SMOOTH MUSCLE TISSUE FOUND? THROUGHOUT THE INTERNAL ORGANS OF THE BODY
WHERE IS THERE NO SMOOTHH MUSCLE? IN THE HEART
WHAT IS THE THIRD TYPE OF MUSCLE TISSUE? CARDIAC MUSCLE TISSUE
WHERE IS CARDIAC MUSCLE TISSUE FOUND? THE HEART
WHAT DO THE MUSCLES DO WHEN THEY CONTRACT? BECOME SHORTER & THICKER
WHAT IS A GOOD EXAMPLE OF MUSCLE COTRACTION? THE BICEP OF THE UPPER ARM
WHAT HAPPENS WHEN YOU FLEX YOUR BICEP? THE BICIP CONTRACTS TO BEND THE ELBOW & THE SHORTER THICKER MUSCLE CAUSES A BULGE IN THE UPPER ARM
WHAT IS A FLEXOR? THE SKELETAL MUSCLE THAT BENDS A JOINT
WHAT MUSCLE STRAIGHTENS A JOINT? THE EXTENSOR
WHAT DO THE FLEXOR & EXTENSOR FORM? A MUSCLE TEAM
WHAT DOES THE MUSCLE TEAM DO? BEND & STRAIGHTEN JOINTS
WHAT IS ANOTHER REASON FOR MUSCLE CONTRACTION? TO MOVE EXTREMITIES TO & FROM THE CENTER LINE OF THE BODY
DO MUSCLES PULL OR PUSH? PULL
CAN MUSCLES EVER PUSH? NO NO NO
ARE SOME MUSCLES PARTIALLY CONTRACTED AT ALL TIMES? YES
WHAT MUSCES ARE PARTIALLY CONTRACTED T ALL TIMES? MOST SKELETAL
WHY ARE MOST SKELETAL MUSCLES PARTIALLY CONTRACTED AT ALL TIMES? TO MAINTAIN THE BODY'S ERECT POSITION
WHAT IS THE CONSTANT STATE OF CONTRACTION KNOWN AS? MUSCLE TONE
SOME MUSCULAR CONNECTIVE TISSUE SHEATHS EXTEND TO FORM A STRONG FIBROUS STRUCTURE KNOWN AS WHAT? A TENDON
ARE TENDONS EXTREMELY WEAK OR EXTREMELY STRONG? EXTREMELY STRONG
DO THE STRETCH? NO
WHAT IS THE THICKEST & STRONGEST TENDON IN THE HUMAN BODY? ACHILLES TENDON
WHERE DO TENDONS ATTACH? THE ROUGH SURFACE ON A BONE
WHAT DOES THE ACHILLES TENDON ATTACH TO? TO THE GASTROCNEMIUS MUSCLE TO THE HEEL BONE
WHERE IS THE GASTROCNEMIUS MUSCLE? IN THE CALF OF THE LEG
WHEN SKELETAL MUSCLES JOIN BONES THAT MEETS AT JOINTS WHAT HAPPENS TO ONE OF THE BONES? IT BECOMES AN ANCHOR ON WHICH A MUSCLE HAS ITS ORIGIN
IN ORDER TO PROTECT THE MOVING PARTS OF THE MUSCLES WHAT HAPPENS? THE MUSCLE GROUPS ARE SEPERATED FROM EACHOTHER
WHAT IS THE MEMBRANE THAT REDUCES THE FRICTION FROM MOVEMENT CALLED? A SHEATH
WHAT IS THE SHAPE OF A SHEATH? LIKE A SAC
WHAT IS INSIDE THE SHEATH? A SLIPPERY FLUID LINING
WHAT IS THE SLIPPERY FLUID LINING OF A SHEATH CALLED? A BURSA
WHERE ARE SMOOTH INVOLUNTARY MUSCLES FOUND? THROUGHOUT THE INTERNAL ORGANS & STRUCTURES OF THE BODY
WHERE ARE SPHINCTERS FOUND? THROUGHOUT THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM & INSIDE THE BLOOD VESSELS OF THE BODY
WHAT IS A SPHINCTER? A SMOOTH DONUT SHAPED MUSCLE
WHAT DO SPHINCTERS DO? PINCH SHUT INTERMITTENTLY TO CONTROL THE FLOW OF FOOD OR LIQUID
HOW LONG CAN A SPHINCTER REMAIN CONTRACTED FOR? HOURS
WHAT IS TENDONITIS? A PAINFUL INFLAMMATION OF THE TENDON & TENDON-MUSCLE ATTACHMENTS TO THE BONE
WHERE IS TENDONITIS COMMONLY FOUND? AT THE SHOULDER, ELBOW, KNEE, HIP, HEEL, OR HAMSTRINGS
CAN YOU PUSH OR PULL A MUSCLE? PULL
WHAT IS EPICONDYLITIS? INFLAMMATION OF THE FOREARM TENDON AT THE ATTACHMENT ON THE HUMERUS AT THE ELBOW
WHAT IS ANOTHER NAME FOR EPICONDYLITIS? TENNIS ELBOW
WHAT IS MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY? A GROUP OF CONGENITAL DISORDERS RESULTING IN PROGRESSIVE WASTING AWAY OF SKELETAL MUSCLES
WHAT IS TORTICOLIS? A NECK DEFORMITY WHICH BENDS THE HEAD TO THE AFFECTED SIDE & ROTATES THE CHIN TOWARD THE OPPOSITE SIDE
WHAT CAUSES TORTICOLIS? SHORTENING OR SPASM OF THE STERNOCLEIDOMASTOID NECK MUSCLE
WHAT IS ANOTHER NAME FOR TORTICOLIS? WRYNECK
Created by: momogallegos