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Vocabulary List

Vocabulary Words---Trasport

TermDefinition
pericardium the membrane enclosing the heart, consisting of an outer fibrous layer and an inner double layer of serous membrane.
veins any of the tubes forming part of the blood circulation system of the body, carrying in most cases oxygen-depleted blood toward the heart.
capillaries any of the fine branching blood vessels that form a network between the arterioles and venules.
arteries any of the muscular-walled tubes forming part of the circulation system by which blood (mainly that which has been oxygenated) is conveyed from the heart to all parts of the body.
oxygenated supplied, treated, or enriched with oxygen.
deoxygenated remove oxygen from.
agglutination the process that occurs if an antigen is mixed with its corresponding antibody called isoagglutinin.
ventricles a hollow part or cavity in an organ.
atria each of the two upper cavities of the heart from which blood is passed to the ventricles. The right atrium receives deoxygenated blood from the veins of the body; the left atrium receives oxygenated blood from the pulmonary vein.
septum partition separating two chambers, such as that between the nostrils or the chambers of the heart.
valves any of various membranous structures, especially in the heart, veins, and lymph ducts, that function to close temporarily a passage or orifice, permitting movement of a fluid in one direction only.
antibodies a blood protein produced in response to and counteracting a specific antigen.
pulse a rhythmical throbbing of the arteries as blood is propelled through them, typically as felt in the wrists or neck.
plasma the colorless fluid part of blood, lymph, or milk, in which corpuscles or fat globules are suspended.
platelets a small colorless disk-shaped cell fragment without a nucleus, found in large numbers in blood and involved in clotting.
white blood cells cellular component of the blood that lacks hemoglobin and defends the body against infection and disease by ingesting foreign materials and cellular debris, by destroying infectious agents and cancer cells, or by producing antibodies.
red blood cells- contain hemoglobin and it is the hemoglobin which permits them to transport oxygen (and carbon dioxide).
vaccine a substance used to stimulate the production of antibodies and provide immunity against one or several diseases, prepared from the causative agent of a disease, its products, treated to act as an antigen without inducing the disease.
immunity the ability of an organism to resist a particular infection or toxin by the action of specific antibodies or sensitized white blood cells.
cancer/leukemia cancer- a disease caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in a part of the body. leukemia - cancer of the blood or bone marrow. Leukemia can develop due to a problem with blood cell production.
Created by: sdwyer5125