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Bone breaks & spine

A&P

TermDefinition
closed / simple fracture broken bone with no open wound
open (compound) fracture compound fracture; broken bone with an open wound
nondisplaced fracture bone ends retain their normal position
displaced fracture broken bone ends are pulled out of their normal anatomical alignment
comminuted fracture broken in many small pieces that become embedded in surrounding tissue
compression fracture occurs when the bone is pressed together on itself
depressed fracture cranium is fractured inward toward the brain
greenstick fracture bending and incomplete break of a bone; most often seen in children. one side of the is broken, the other side is bent
hairline fracture very thin fracture line with the bone pieces still together
oblique fracture bone is broken at an angle across the bone
spiral fracture Bone broken in a spiral because of a twisting force (torsion)
transverse fracture bone break with fracture line straight across shaft of bone. (bone and break form a 90 degree angle)
closed reduction nonsurgical realignment of broken bone ends by manipulation
open reduction involves surgical exposure of the bone and the use of plates, screws, or pins to realign the fragments
traction a pulling force exerted on a limb or other part of the body to maintain a desired position for healing. (fractures of long bones)
kyphosis hunchback, exaggerated thoracic curvature
lordosis swayback, increased lumbar curvature inward
Scoliosis sideways curvature of the spine. (s
Created by: ssingewald