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Unit 1: Biochemistry

Vocabulary words from the Biochemistry Unit.

TermDefinition
Activation Energy Energy needed to get a reaction started.
Amino Acid Compound with an amino group.
Carbohydrate Compound make up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major source of energy for the human body.
Catalyst Substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction.
Chemical Bond Link that holds together atoms in compounds.
Chemical Reaction Process that changes one set of chemicals into another set of chemicals.
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Nucleic acid that contains the sugar deoxyribose.
Element Substance consisting entirely of one type of atom.
Enzyme Protein that acts as a biological catalyst.
Lipid Macromolecule made mainly from carbon and hydrogen atoms; includes fats, oils, and waxes.
Monomer Small unit that can join together with other small units to form polymers.
Monosaccharide Single sugar molecule.
Nucleic Acid Macromolecule containing hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, and phosphorus.
Nucleotide Monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base.
Polymer Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers.
Polysaccharide Large macromolecule formed from monosaccharides.
Product Element or compound produced by a chemical reaction.
Protein Macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen; needed by the body for growth and repair, and to make up enzymes.
Reactant Element or compound that enters into a chemical reaction.
Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) Single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose.
Substrate Reactant of an enzyme-catalyzed reaction.
Created by: sherrysliwa