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2020 Vocab. I-Y

6th Grade Science STEM READY

TermDefinition
Igneous Rock A type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at or below the surface.
Infer/inference To draw a conclusion based on reasoning.
Interpret To give or provide the meaning of.
Kinetic Energy The energy an object has due to its motion.
Lava Liquid magma that reaches the surface.
Liter The basic metric unit of volume.
Magma The molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water from the mantle.
Manipulated/Independent Variable The one factor that a scientist changes during an experiment.
Mantle The layer of hot, solid material between Earth’s crust and core.
Mass The amount of matter in an object.
Matter Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Metamorphic Rock A type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is changed by heat, pressure, or chemical reactions.
Meteorologist A scientist who studies the causes of weather and tries to predict it.
Meter The basic metric unit to measure length.
Metric System A decimal system of weights and measures based on the meter as a unit of length, the gram as a unit of mass, and the liter as a unit of volume.
Milli One thousandth of a basic unit of measurement.
Mineral A naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a crystal structure and a definite chemical composition. They make up most rocks.
Mitochondria An organelle that keeps the cell full of energy. It is the cell’s powerhouse.
Muscular System The system in the body that the main function is to produce movement.
Nervous System The body system that is the highway in which the brain sends and receives information about what is happening in the body around it.
Nucleus The organelle of a cell that is the main control center and acts kind of like the cell’s brain.
Observing The process of using one or more of your senses to gather information.
Organ A group of tissues in a living organism that has a specific form and function.
Organelle A part of a cell that has a specific function.
Pangaea The name of the single landmass that broke apart over 200 million years ago and gave rise to today’s continents.
Potential Energy Energy that is stored and available to be used later.
Predicting To tell in advance what you think is going to happen.
Purpose An intended or desired result. It is what you want to learn in an experiment.
Qualitative Pertaining to quality or qualities.
Quantitative Pertaining to the measurement of quantity.
Respiratory Systemde. The body system that handles breathing. It brings oxygen into the body and gets rid of carbon dioxide.
Responding/Dependant Variable The factor that changes as a result of changes to the manipulated variable
Rock Cycle A series of processes on the surface and inside Earth that slowly changes rocks from one kind to another.
Science A way of learning about the natural world.
Scientific Law A statement that describes what scientists expect to happen every time under a particular set of conditions.
Scientific Method The ongoing process of discovery in science.
Scientific Theory A well-tested concept that explains a wide range of observations.
Sedimentary Rock A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or the remains of plants and animals are pressed and cemented together.
Seismic Waves Waves of energy in the Earth produced by earthquakes or other means.
Summarize To put an answer into a brief and comprehensible format.
Tissue Groups of cells that have a similar structure and act together to perform a specific function.
Transform Boundary A plate boundary where two plates move past each other in opposite directions. It is the main cause of earthquakes.
Variable A factor that can change in an experiment.
Volcano A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface.
Volume The amount of space an object takes up.
Water Cycle The continual movement of water among Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surface through evaporation, condensation, and precipitation.
Weather The condition of Earth’s atmosphere at a particular time and place.
X-axis The horizontal axis of a coordinate system.
Y-axis The vertical axis of a coordinate system.