Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Endocrine

QuestionAnswer
Pituitary Gland - anterior pituitary lobe- posterior pituitary lobe
Anterior Pituitary Lobe - Stores & releases oxytocin and ADH
Posterior Pituitary Lobe -Produces: growth hormone (somatotropin), thyroid- stimulating hormone (TSH), corticotropin, follicle- stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), prolactin
Thyroid Gland - triiodothyronine (T3)/thyroxine (T4) (referred to as thyroid hormone)-Calcitonin
Thyroid hormone -triiodothyronine (T3)/thyroxine(T4)-the body's major metabolic hormones
Calcitonin -maintains blood Ca+ level by inhibiting release of Ca+ from bone
Parathyroid Glands sits on the posterior surface of the thyroid
Function of Parathyroid Glands -produce parathyroid hormone (PTH) -help to regulate blood's Ca+ balance
Adrenal Glands -sit at the top of the kidneys-divided into: adrenal cortex & adrenal medulla
Adrenal Medulla -inner portion-produces catecholamines (epin/norepin/dopa)
Adrenal Cortex -outer portion-produces mineralocorticoids (aldosterone)-produces glucocorticoids cortisol (hydrocortisone)-cortisone-corticosterone-sex hormones (androgen & estrogen)*produces mainly glucocorticoids & some sex hormones
Islet of Langerhan -located in the pancreas-performs endocrine function of the pancreas
Components of "Islet of Langerhan" Alpha- glucagonBeta- insulinDelta- somatostatin
Thymus -produces thymosin & thymopoietin (related to immune system)-produces T cells (important in cell- mediated immunity)
Pineal gland -produces melatonin
Gonads -Ovaries-Testes
Ovaries -promote development & maintenance of female sex characteristics
Testes -produce spermatozoa & make sex hormone testosterone, which stimulates & maintain male sex characteristics
Hormones -amines-polypeptides-steroids
Amines -catecholamines-thyroid hormones (T3 and T4)
Polypeptide -PTH-Pancreatic hormones (insulin & glucagon)-anterior pituitary hormone(GH, TSH, corticotropin, FSH, LH, interstitial cell- stimulating hormone, prolactin)-posterior pituitary hormone (ADH & oxytocin)
Steroids -derived from cholesterol-Aldosterone & cortisol (secreted by adrenal cortex)-Estrogen&progesterone in females(SexHormone)-Testosterone in males (Sex hormone)*secreted by the gonads
Hormonal release & transport Corticotropin & Cortisol= irregular spurts; levels peak in morning;PTH & Prolactin= occur fairly evenly throughout the day-Insulin= steady & sporadic release patterns
Hormonal Action -Hormones bind to a specific receptor when reached its target sitePolypeptide&Amines= bind to receptor sitesSteroids&ThyroidHormones=diffuse wall & bind to intracellular receptors
Created by: chanay0202