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GEO-Middle East Note

Study Guide for Middle East Notes Quiz

Where did the first civilizations develop? Fertile Crescent
The Fertile Crescent runs from the __?__ to the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Eastern Mediterranean
The land between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers became known as... Mesopotamia
Who first developed writing? Sumerians
Who first developed iron weapons? Assyrians
Who established a large trading network in the Mediterranean Sea? Phoenicians
What three major religions all began in the Middle East? Judaism Christianity Islam
Which religion is the religion of the Jewish people? Judaism
Who began Judaism about 1700 BC? Abraham
What is the sacred text of Judaism? Old Testament or Torah
Judaism was the first religion to believe in a... single God
Christianity was begun by ___?___ about 2000 years ago. Jesus
Around 300 AD, Christianity became the main religion of the... Roman Empire
Christianity eventually divided into what three parts? Roman Catholic Eastern Orthodox Protestant Christianity
What parts of the Bible are the sacred texts for Christians? Old Testament New Testament
Islam was founded by __?__ in 570 AD. Mohammed
Followers of Islam are known as __?__ or __?__ . Moslems Muslims
What is the sacred text of Islam called? Koran Quran
Islam has divided into two parts, the __?__ and the __?__ . Sunni Shiite
What has lead to several wars and dominates politics in Middle East? Arab-Israeli conflict
Created by: ColbyHistory
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