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PN Exam 1 Class #89

Chapter 3

What is a Value? Your belief of something's worth that may differ from the value of other people.
What is an Ethic? An idea made up of values that influence your decisions and behavior.
How does a Nurse Advocate for a patient? A nurse stands up for that which is in the patients best interest: as opposed to that which is in the best interest of the health-care provider, hospital, or staff.
Who is the primary advocate for the patient? Nurses
What is empathy? The awareness of and insight into the feelings, emotions and behavior of another person.
What is sympathy? Often, not objective, and involves such a strong feeling of closeness because of shared or very similar experiences.
What is Assault? To purposefully threaten physical harm to an individual.
What is Battery? To touch an individual without consent.
What is Criminal Law? Laws that protect the public or society as a whole.
What is an Emancipated Minor? Legal consideration of one younger than age 18yrs old as an adult because he or she lives alone and is self-supporting, has joined the military, is married, or is a parent.
What is Civil Law? Laws which protect an individuals personal rights, which include most health-care issues.
What is HIPAA? The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act.
What 2 rules does HIPAA cover? The Privacy rule and Security rule.
What is the HITECH act? The Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health act.
What is the CDC? The Center for Disease Control and Prevention: a federal agency that supports health promotion and the prevention of disease.
In how many states must you report suspicions of child abuse? All 50 states.
What is a mandatory reporting law? Law requiring reporting of certain situations to the proper authorities, particularly communicable diseases and abuse.
What is the most common area of civil law that affects nurses? Tort Law.
What is Tort Law? Law dealing with claims of injury or harm due to someone else's actions.
What is Malpractice? When a nurse's action fails to meet professional standards of care and injures a patient.
What is Negligence? When a nurse does something that a reasonable or prudent person would not do, or fails to do something that a prudent person would do.
When are Restraint devices reasonable to use? 1. Only if the patient presents a clear danger to either self or others and 2. other methods of protecting the patient from injury have already been attempted.
Who do medical records belong to? Either the hospital, OR the physician in a medical office setting.
What is Informed Consent? A voluntary agreement made by a well-advised, mentally competent patient to be treated by a health care provider or institution.
What are Incident Reports? AKA "unusual occurrence reports" or "variance reports": must be completed in the event of an unusual occurrence (such a patient falling out of bed) and includes details such as the what, where, when, who, and why surrounding it.
Is the existence of an incident report mentioned in the patients medical record? No, it is not. Instead the incident reports are reviewed and evaluated by quality assurance committees.
What is Abandonment?
What are Standards of Care? The statements of actions that are consistent with minimum safe professional conduct under specific conditions.
Created by: merelisen3