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Sci 7A U4L13 Test

The Human Body Unit Test

QuestionAnswer
The function of alveoli in the lungs is __________ Gas Exchange
Waste materials such as excess urea and excess water are eliminated in a bodily fluid called__________ Urine
The dermis is a layer of skin that contains blood vessels and __________ Nerves
Viruses can cause infection by injecting their ________ into a host cell RNA or DNA
__________ carry nerve impulses across synapses Neurotransmitters
Chemical __________ takes place in the small intestine through the action of enzymes Digestion
The purpose of a ____________ is to introduce a weakened pathogen to stimulate the human immune system to produce antibodies. Vaccine
Ligaments are structures that link bone to bone across a _________ Joint
A ________ Joint can only move up/down OR side to side Hinge
A _________ Joint has a full range of motion up/down, front to back as well as side to side Ball and Socket
The three systems that work together to move the body are the muscular system, the skeletal system, and the __________ system Nervous
In the heart. blood flows from the right atrium to the right ventricle and then to the ________ Lungs
New red blood cells are formed in both both in the bone marrow and in the ___________ Epidermis
The digestive system, the circulatory system, and the respiratory system all rely on the __________ Nervous System to stimulate involuntary events Autonomic
The motor neurons of the Nervous System send signals that tell your _________ to act Muscles
___________ are special because they have very thin walls to allow the ease of transfer of molecules from blood into tissues Capillaries
To cause your body to move your Muscular System must pull on your __________ System Skeletal
In the flow of blood through the human body, blood that is low in oxygen comes from the body into the________ atrium Right
In the flow of blood through the human body, blood is pumped from the right atrium to the right __________ Ventricle
In the flow of blood through the human body, blood is pumped from the right ventricle to the _________ Lungs
In the flow of blood through the human body, blood in the lungs picks up ____________ Oxygen
In the flow of blood through the human body, the oxygenated blood in the lungs then flows into the __________ atrium Left
In the flow of blood through the human body, the oxygenated blood in the left atrium is then pumped to the left ___________ Ventricle
In the flow of blood through the human body, the oxygenated blood from the left ventricle is then pumped out to the body through the _____________ Arteries
In the flow of blood through the human body, oxygenated blood flows through the arteries out into the capillaries where oxygen is delivered to __________ Tissues
In the flow of blood through the human body, deoxygenated blood moves into ________ and back to the right atrium of the heart. Veins
The pituitary gland creates chemicals compounds that are transported to other body structures by the __________ System Circulatory
Axons must have structures that make and secrete molecules. Muscle cells must have ________ that recognize these molecules Receptors
Modern hospitals keep infected patients confined and limit visitors to reduce the the spread of ___________ disease Infectious
The immune system's first line of defense against pathogens is the ___________ System Integumentary
The large intestine and the ___________ share the function of absorbing water into the body Kidney
A virus can only ________ by taking over a hosts cell. Reproduce
Dr. Pasteur found that heated wine does not sour. He used this evidence to prove the existence of ________ even though they cannot be seen Bacteria
If the endocrine system stops functioning correctly, this will lead to ________ Diabetes
Created by: scanto