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Mitosis/Cell Divide

This is the vocabulary involved with Cell Division and Mitosis

TermDefinition
cell cycle regular sequence of growth and division that eukaryotic cells undergo
I-PMAT-C Interphase-Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase - Cytokinesis
mitosis the process in which a cell nucleus divides into two identical nuclei
interphase the period before cell division: G1 - Growth; S - DNA is copied; G2 - Final growth and preparation before cell division
centrioles a two-part rod-shaped structure with parts lying at right angles to each other located in pairs near the nucleus; responsible for forming spindle fibers during cell division
prophase 1st stage of mitosis; chromosomes condense and become visible; nuclear membrane breaks down; spindle fibers form
metaphase 2nd stage of mitosis; spindle fibers attach to centromere of the sister chromatids and move the chromosomes to the middle of the cell
anaphase 3rd stage of mitosis; sister chromatids are pulled away at the centromere and pulled to opposite ends of the cell
telophase 4th stage of mitosis; pinching in of cells; nuclear membrane start to form around the chromosomes; spindle fibers disappear
cytokinesis complete division of the cytoplasm; results in two identical cells (plant cells have a cell plate that will form into the cell well)
nucleus center of the cell where DNA is stored
DNA our genetic material
chromosome a rod-shaped structure found in pairs in a cell's nucleus carrying genes
chromatid one half of the 'X' in a chromosome (exact copy of the DNA)
centromere holds the sister chromatids together at the center of the 'X'
chromatin thin strands of genetic material found in the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell
Created by: kmaddix