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Biology EOC

TermDefinition
Control/Control Group variable that doesn't change throughout the experiment
Lipids carbon and hydrogen called fatty acids. Stores energy and protection. Phospholipids
Carbohydrates provide structural support, made of atoms of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Found in form of simple sugars
Proteins building blocks of life. Amino acids
Nucleic Acids DNA and RNA. nucleotides
enzyme breaks down waste, lysosomes
catalyst speeds up/slows down a reaction
Nucleus holds DNA, controls cell activity
Cell Membrane regulates what comes in and out of the cell
Ribosomes produce proteins
Mitochondria uses glucose to create ATP
Chloroplast anaerobic respiration without oxygen
Cell Wall rigid outside barrier
Lysosomes digestive enzymes, breaks down waste
Eukaryote organism whole cell that has a nucleus
Prokaryote single celled organism that lacks a nucleus
Binary Fission asexual bacterial reproduction that rapidly reproduces two identical daughter cells
virus a gene wrapped in proteins
virus reproduction enters the cell and makes copies. Attach, invade, copy, release. Attach, invade, incorporate
Diffusion passive movement of H2O molecules from regions of high concentration to low
Passive transportation movement of molecules from areas of high too low. EX: diffusion
active transport movement of ions across cell membrane into a region of low to high
hypertonic lower concentration of solute on the outside than inside. Net outflow (more going out)
hypotonic lower concentration on the solute on the inside than outside. Net inflow
isotonic equal concentration, no growth
photosynthesis 6CO2+6H2O+sunlight = C6H12O6+6O2v
aerobic C6H12O6+6O2=6CO2+6H2O+32ATP
lactic acid C6H12O6+2ADP+2 PHOSPHATE = 2LACTIC ACID+2ATP
Xylem transports water from the roots
Phloem transport food/sugars
Transpiration Cohesion hypothesis movement through water in cell.
Created by: maddieboggess