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Theory Definitions

Definitions consiting of cadence terms, non chordal tone terms, and chord steps

TermDefinition
Half Diminished minor minor Major (3rds)
Full Diminished minor minor minor(3rds)
m7th chord minor Major minor
Major Major minor (R/M3/P5)
minor minor Major (R/m3/P5)
Mm7th Major minor minor
Motive Small identifiable musical ideas
Phrase relative independent music ideas ended by a cadence
Cadence Refers to a harmonic goal created by the chords
Period Two phrases combined
Double Periods Consists of two & two phrases combined
Sentence Musical unit consisting of an musical idea that is repeated or has a variation of that idea
Counter Point Combination of relative musical lines
Passing Tone A tone that combines two others that are a 3rd apart approached by a step left in same direction
Neighboring tone Any tone above or under the previous tone approached by a step left in the opposite direction
Suspension Approached by the same tone left by a step down
Retardation Approached by the same tone left by a step up
Appoggiatura Approached by a leap left by a step
Escape tone Approached by a step left by a leap
Anticipation (ant) Approached by a leap or step left by the same tone
Authentic Cadence (AC) A form of a V or Vii chord into a I/I6 chord
Perfect authentic (PAC) Root V/V7 Into a root I
Imperfect cadence (IAC) Anything that isnt a (PAC) includes V chords that are not in a root position
Deceptive Cadence (DC) V chord followed by any chord besides a I
Created by: Kevdawgg