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Poetry Terms

TermDefinition
Alliteration Consonant sounds repeated at the beginnings of words.
Assonance Repeated VOWEL sounds in a line or lines of poetry (Often creates near rhyme).
Consonance Similar to alliteration EXCEPT . . .The repeated consonant sounds can be anywhere in the words.
Allusion A reference in a text to something famous (another book, painting, historical event, person, song).
Onomatopoeia A word whose sound suggests its meaning.
Hyperbole An exaggerated statement used to make a point.
Metaphor A comparison of two unlike things without using like or as.
Simile A comparison of two things using “like, as, as than,” or “resembles”.
Personification Giving human-like qualities to any “thing” (animals, objects, ideas etc. ) that is not human.
Imagery To use figurative language to represent objects, actions and ideas in such a way that it appeals to the 5 senses.
Mood Is the feeling that the author tries to create for the reader.
Tone Indicates the writers attitude.
Line A group of words together on one line of the poem.
Stanza A group of lines or a section of a poem that belong together. A stanza is similar to a paragraph. Stanzas can be composed of any number of lines, but are most often four or six lines long.
Refrain A repeated word or phrase at regular intervals in a poem (usually at the end of a stanza or between two stanzas).
Couplet Two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme and are usually the same length.
End Rhyme Rhyme which comes as the end of a line of poetry.
Near/Slant Rhyme A partial or imperfect rhyme, often using assonance or consonance only.
Internal Rhyme Rhyme which comes within the line of poetry.
Lyrical poems A usually short, personal poem expressing the poet’s emotions and thoughts rather than telling a story.
Sonnet 14 lines of iambic pentameter, with a specific rhyme scheme and intro/conclusion style.
Ode formal, often ceremonious lyric poem that addresses and often celebrates a person, place, thing, or idea.
Elegy A sad and thoughtful poem about the death of an individual.
Narrative Poem A poem that tells a story.
Epic A long poem, typically one derived from ancient oral tradition, narrating the deeds and adventures of heroic or legendary figures or the history of a nation.
Ballad A narrative poem with a refrain, usually about love, nature or an event.
Pastoral A poem dealing with shepherds or rural life and the contrast between the innocence and serenity of the simple life and the misery and corruption of city life.
Free Verse Poetry written according to the rhythm of speech rather than following a particular rhyme scheme.
Created by: Ebeers