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vocabulary words

Biochemistry

TermDefinition
Organic (compounds) Contain carbon and hydrogen.
Enzyme (s) Are both proteins and biological catalysts.
Hydrolysis Is any chemical reaction in which a molecule of water ruptures one or more chemical bonds.
Polymer(s) Are large molecules, or macromolecules, composed of many repeated subunits.
Dehydration synthesis Making complex molecules by removing water.
Nucleotide(s) Chemical made of a simple sugar, a phosphate, and a base.
Substrate Is typically the chemical species being observed in a chemical reaction, which reacts with a reagent to generate a product.
Glycogen Is a multi branched polysaccharide of glucose that serves as a form of energy storage in animals, fungi, and bacteria.
Inorganic (compounds) Contain just one of both ( carbon or hydrogen).
Peptide Is a short chain of amino acids linked by peptide bonds.
lipid(s) Chains of fatty acids.
Protein(s) Chains of amino acids arranged in a specific order.
Carbohydrate(s) Are simple sugar.
Nucleic acid(s) Chains of nucleotides that direct a cell’s activities.
Denature/denaturation Is a process in which proteins or nucleic acids lose the quaternary structure, tertiary structure, and secondary structure which is present in their native state, by application of some external stress or compound, such as a strong acid or base, a concen
Amino acid(s) Chemical compound containing nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.
Deoxyriboses nucleic acid (DNA) Is a molecule composed of two chains that coil around each other to form a double helix carrying genetic instructions for the development, functioning, growth and reproduction of all known organisms and many viruses.
Ribonucleic acid (RNA) Is a polymeric molecule essential in various biological roles in coding, decoding, regulation and expression of genes.
Monomer(s) A molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to form a polymer.
Monosaccharide(s) Are the simplest form of sugar and the most basic units of carbohydrates.
Created by: selinne