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5.1, 6.1, 8.2

TermDefinition
Chromosome one long continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous genes along with regulatory info.
Histones each of your chromosomes is associated with this group of proteins
Chromatin the loose combination of DNA and proteins
Chromatid one half of a duplicated chromosome
Centromere a region of the condensed chromosome that looks pinched
Nucleotides the small units, or monomers, that make up DNA
Double helix: two strands of DNA wind around each other like a twisted ladder two strands of DNA wind around each other like a twisted ladder
Base pairing rules thymine (T) always pairs with adenine (A), and cytosine (C) always pairs with guanine (G)
Somatic cells also called body cells, make up most of your body tissues and organs
Gametes sex cells, ova, or eggs, in the female, and spermatozoa, or sperm cells, in the male
Homologous chromosomes two chromosomes, one inherited from the mother, one from the father, that have the same length and general appearance
Autosomes chromosomes that contain genes for characteristics not directly related to the sex of an organism
Sex chromosomes directly control the development of sexual characteristics
Created by: swearzac4021