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Chapter 5.2, 8.3, 6


Chromosome one long, continuous thread of DNA
histones a group of proteins that DNA wraps around for compact purpose
chromatin the loose combination of DNA
chromatid one half of a duplicated chromosome
centromere sister chromatids are held here
Nucleotide small units that make up DNA
Double Helix two strands of DNA wind around each other like a twisted ladder
Base pairing rules T to A, C to T
Somatic Cells also known as body cells, make up most of your body tissues and organs
Gametes also known as sex cells, ova, or eggs, in the female and spermatoza, or sperm cells, in the male
Homologous Chromosome two chromosomes, inherited by each parent, that have the same length and general appearance
Autosomes chromosomes that contain genes for characteristics not directly related to the sex of an organism
Sex chromosome chromosomes that directly control the devopment of sexual characteristics
Created by: booecam3836