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vocab. 4

TermDefinition
Organic (compounds) compounds containing both carbon and hydrogen
Enzyme (s) protein that catalyzes chemical reactions for organisms
Hydrolysis add water to break down complex to simple
Polymer(s) large, carbon-based molecule formed by monomers
Dehydration synthesis removing water to make something complex
Nucleotide(s) monomeer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, and a nitrogen-containing base
Substrate reactant in a chemical reaction upon which an enzyme acts
Glycogen is a large, branched polysaccharide that is the main storage form of glucose in animals and humans
Inorganic (compounds) compounds containing either carbon and hydrogen
Peptide is a short chain of amino acids
lipid(s) nonpolar molecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; includes fats and oils
Protein(s) polymer composed of amino acids linked by peptide bonds
Carbohydrate(s) molecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; includes sugars and starches
Nucleic acid(s) polymer of nucleotides; the genetic material of organisms
Denature/denaturation process modifying the molecular structure of a protein.
Amino acid(s) molecule that makes up proteins; composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and sometimes sulfur
Deoxyriboses nucleic acid (DNA) an extremely long macromolecule that is the main component of chromosomes
Ribonucleic acid (RNA) A nucleic acid molecule similar to DNA but containing ribose rather than deoxyribose.
Monomer(s) molecular subunit of a polymer
Monosaccharide(s) A simple sugar that constitutes the building blocks of a more complex form of sugars
Created by: Katherine Acotsa