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Microbiology

Microbiology -Chapter 6

QuestionAnswer
the antibiotics penicillin and cephalosporin are produced by: fungi
fungi are free-living: heterotrophic organisms
algae that contain agar in their cell walls belong to the: rhodophyta
diatoms, major components of marine phytoplankton ,belong to: chrysophyta
the process by which the nucleus of protozoans undergoes multiple divisions before the cell divides is called: schizogony
the eukaryotes known for the presence of a macronucleus and a micronuclues are: protozoans
plasmodium is: a slime mold
toxoplasma gondii belongs to which group of eukaroyotic organisms: protozoans
a solex is a structure found in: helminths
commonly referred to as a pinworm: enterbius vermicularis
the study of fungi is called: mycology
the vegetative structure of algae is referred to as: thallus
the unique cell organelle found among the Archaezoa ,which appears to be a remnant of mitochondria, is called a: mitosome
masses of protoplasm containing thousands of nuclei are a characteristic of: plasmodial slime molds
the common name for nematodes is: roundworms
Describe the classification of fungi with emphasis on the medically important species. Zygomycota—obligate parasites of insects or other fungi Ascomycota—includes Penicillium, which produces the antibiotic penicillin Basidiomycota—includes mushrooms that can produce toxins, yeasts that can cause meningitis Deuteromycota—referred to as im
Describe the general characteristics of algae and their possible life cycles. Algae are photosynthetic and are widespread in fresh and marine waters where they play an essential role in the aquatic food chain; also found in soil, on rocks, and on plants. Algae are capable of both sexual and asexual reproduction.
Name and describe three protozoans that are human parasites. Giardia—infects intestine Trypanosoma—infects blood Amoeba—infects central nervous system Entamoeba—infects intestines, liver Toxoplasma—CNS Cyclospora—intestine Cryptosporidium—intestine Leishmania—infects skin Trichomonas—urogenital tract Plasm
Describe the fundamental difference between cellular and plasmodial slime molds. Cellular slime molds are eukaryotic cells with one nucleus (resembling an amoeba). Plasmodial slime molds are masses of protoplasm containing many nuclei.
describe the basic structure of cestodes (tapeworms) and their life cycle. Tapeworms have a scolex (head), a neck, and one or more proglottids (body segments). The worm attaches to the host intestine. The cells of the neck form new segments that elongate the worm. Mature proglottids contain eggs and are released from the end of
malaria endemic in countries in a belt area roughly about the equator in tropical and subtropical climates. A disease associated with poverty, is also a hindrance to economic progress, particularly where it is endemic in developing countries.
molds rapidly growing, asexually reproducing fungi that grow on a variety of substances. They are characterized by the development of hyphae, which results in colony characteristics that can be used for identification purposes.
ascomycota the primary fungi causing food spoilage. This group also includes plant pathogens, bot producing a negative impact on the economy. However, many of the ascomycota are beneficial and probably the best known fungus in this category is penicillin, the mold
algae microscopic, photosynthetic organisms that are widespread in fresh and marine waters. They are a main component in plankton, a community of free-floating microscopic organisms that play an essential role in the aquatic food chain.
dinoflagellates medical concerns involving algae are due primarily to food poisoning caused by toxins of marine algae such as dinoflagellates. Overgrowth of these motile organisms during certain times of the year causes "red tides".
protozoans a group of microorganisms that are defined by three common characteristics: (1) they are eukaryotes; (2) they are unicellular; and (3) they lack a cell wall. Many protozoans are free-living organisms where as others are potential parasites of humans and o
amoebozoa a major group of amoeboid protozoans. Most of them are unicellular and common habitants in soil and water
Created by: naponte1