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Microbiology -Chapter 15

structures of the lower respiratory system include: lungs, bronchi, and trachea
scarlet fever is caused by: Streptococcus pyogenes
organism commonly found in the normal flora of the upper respiratory system: Staphylococcus aureus
whooping cough is caused by: Bordetella pertussis
Illness that cannot be and should be treated with antibiotics: common cold
tuberculosis cannot be transmitted by: fomites
the most virulent pathogen of the human flu virus is type: A
SARS is a respiratory illness caused by: coronavirus
geographic area that contains reservoirs for Coccidioides immitis: Arizona
the formation of a "fungus ball" within preexisting cavities is a common development in" pulmonary aspergillosis
Streptococcus pneumoniae is a: gram positive bacterium
rheumatic fever is a rare complication of: Group A streptococcus
parrot fever is caused by: Chlamydia psittaci
legionellosis affects mainly the: respiratory system
Hantaviruses, which can cause disease in humans, are carried by: rodents
Describe the different types of respiratory infections caused by streptococcal species. Strep throat—caused by group A streptococcus. Sneezing, coughing, fever, sore throat. Scarlet fever—caused by group A streptococcus. Fever, sore throat, rash on chest, neck, groin, and thighs. Pneumonia—caused by S. pneumoniae (alpha-hemolytic diplococ
Discuss the reemergence of tuberculosis and MDR-TB. Reemergence of TB beginning in mid-1980s is a result of: the HIV/AIDS epidemic, high immigration rates of people from countries with high TB rates, failure of patients to follow prescribed treatment regimen, increase in aging population. With misuse of an
Name the two distinct forms of legionellosis. Pontiac fever—a relatively mild respiratory infection. Legionnaire’s disease—a serious, potentially fatal form of pneumonia.
Discuss the organisms that enter the human body via the respiratory tract and that can be a potential bioterrorism threat. Anthrax—caused by Bacillus anthracis. A zoonotic disease that can be manifested as cutaneous, gastrointestinal, or respiratory infection. Respiratory anthrax in the most dangerous form and has the highest mortality rate. Q-fever—caused by Coxiella burnet
Describe the most common fungal respiratory infections. Histoplasmosis—caused by Histoplasma capsulatum. Manifests as an acute respiratory infection. Coccidioidomycosis—caused by Coccidioides immitis. Manifests as cough, chest pain, fever, chills, night sweats, loss of appetite, weight loss, wheezing, change
Created by: naponte1