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Plants Vocabulary

Structures and Processes

TermDefinition
algae a plant of plantlike organism, usually aquatic and containing chlorophyll.
bulbs buds with short stems, modified compacted leaves for food storage, and epithelial tissue between each leaf; form of vegetative reproduction.
chlorophyll the molecule in plant cells that traps sunlight; uses the light energy to break down carbon dioxide and water and recombine them to form glucose and oxygen; gives plants their green color.
conifer the molecule in plant cells that traps sunlight; uses the light energy to break down carbon dioxide and water and recombine them to form glucose and oxygen; gives plants their green color.
germination the process of the growth of the embryo in a plant.
nonflowering plant a plant that produces no flowers.
nonvascular plant a plant that is relatively simple in form and lacks specialized tissues for support and fluid transport.
petal the brightly colored part of the plant designed to attract animal pollinators.
phloem the set of tubelike structures in vascular plants that transport sugars, which are made primarily in the leaves, to other parts of the plant or store it for later use.
photosynthesis a plant life process that traps sunlight and uses carbon dioxide and water to form carbohydrates.
sepal one of the outermost structures of a flower, sepals protect the young flower while it begins to develop.
tissue a group of cells working together to perform a similar task.
vascular plant a plant that has specialized tissues to carry water and nutrients to all parts of the plant.
xylem one type of vascular tissue; transports water and nutrients from the roots to the leaves.