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Mrs. Heald's 100 Facts 51-100

Barter Economy Bartering is a medium in which goods or services are directly exchanged for other goods and/or services, without the use of money.
Command Economy It is an economic system in which the central government makes all decisions on the production and consumption of goods and services
Market Economy Where production, distribution, pricing, and investment decisions are made by the private owners of the factors of production based upon their own interests rather than upon furthering some large plan.
Father of Geography Eratosthenes (Ancient Greek Scholar)
Father of History Herodotus (Ancient Greek Historian)
Caste System Caste systems are any ranked, hereditary, endogamous occupational groups that constitute traditional societies in certain regions of the world, particularly among Hindus in India
Chinese Civilization began city-states along Yellow River valley in the Neolithic era. Written history of China begins with the Shang Dynasty.The conventional view of Chinese history is a dynasty alternating between periods of political unity & disunity. Known as Han Chinese
Anarchy No government or organized authority
Confederacy An alliance of separately governed states
Constitutional Monarchies Where either an elected or hereditary monarch is the head of state. Most constitutional monarchies have a parliamentary system in which the monarch is the head of state, but a directly- or indirectly-elected prime minister is head of government
Monarchy This is a nation ruled by a supreme sovereign, such as king, queen, or emperor
Oligarchy A government ruled by the few in which a small group exercises control especially for corrupt and selfish purposes
Citizen Member of a political society who owes allegiance to and is entitled to participation in and protection by and from the government
Alternative Fuel Fuel sources other than the traditional forms usually used to satisfy an economic and/or political needs. Some well known alternative fuels include biodiesel, and bioalcohol
Desertification The spread of a desert condition in arid and semiarid regions resulting from a combination of climatic changes and increasing human pressures, such as overgrazing, removal of vegetation, and cultivation of marginal land
Hydroelectricity Electric power produced by rushing water
Resource An aspect of the physical environment that people value and use to meet a need for fuel, food, industrial product, or something else of value.
Natural Resource Anything from the natural environment that people use to meet their needs
Nonrenewable Resource A resource that can eventually run out
Renewable Resource A resource that can be replaced naturally or grown fairly quickly
Peninsula A portion of land nearly surrounded by water and connected with a larger body by an isthmus
Physical Regions Physical regions are defined by landform (continents and mountain ranges), climate, soil, and natural vegetation.
Irrigation The watering of land by artificial means to foster plant growth.
Isthmus A narrow strip of land that has water on both sides and joins two larger bodies of land.
Lake A considerable inland body of standing water
Plate Tectonics The theory that the earth’s surface is composed of rigid slabs or plates. Responsible for present-day formations of continents, ocean basins, & major mountain ranges and valley systems.
Lithospere when you climb a mountain, or dig a hole, or take a walk, you are contacting the lithosphere
Hydrosphere when you drink water or go swimming you are contacting the hydrospere
cryosphere when you hold an ice cube in your hand or shovel snow you are contacting the cryosphere
biosphere when you play with your pets or eat your lunch or talk to your friends, you are contacting the biosphere
atmosphere 80. Every time you breathe or perspire on a hot day or fly a kite, you are contacting the atmosphere
Exo/Celestial sphere 81. And when you enjoy the warm sunlight or make a wish upon a star, you are interacting with the Exo/Celestial sphere
Plateau A usually extensive land area having a relatively level surface raised sharply above adjacent land on at least one side
Pollution Waste, usually made by people, which makes a place's air, water, or soil less clean
Population Pyramid This is a bar graph that depicts a total population by breaking it down into age groupings and gender.
Recession In economics, a recession is a general slowdown in economic activity over a sustained period of time
Region An area with one or more common characteristics or features, which give it a measure of homogeneity and make it different from surrounding areas.
Remote Sensing Information gathering about the earth’s surface from a distance (usually referring to the use of aerial photography or satellite images).
Fertile Crescent Civilization began in this area
Migration to move from one country, place, or locality to another
Nomadic Nomadic people, also known as nomads, are communities of people that move from one place to another, rather than settling down in one location. Nomads move periodically or cyclically, usually returning to their original location at various times.
City-States A city-state is an independent country whose territory consists solely of a single major city and the area immediately surrounding it.
Feudal System The feudal system was a way of government based on obligations between the lord or king and vassal
Egypt Civilizations an ancient civilization in eastern North Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in what is now the modern nation of Egypt.
Greek Civilization ancient Greece refers to the period of Greek history lasting from 110 BC - 146 BC & the Roman conquest of Greece after the Battle of Corinth. Considered to be the culture which provided the foundation of Western civilization
Incan Civilization an empire located in South America from 1438 C.E. to 1533 C.E. Over that period, the Inca used conquest and peaceful assimilation to incorporate in their empire a large portion of western South America, centered on the Andean mountain ranges
Mayan Civilization Mesoamerican culture, noted for having the only known fully developed written language of the pre-Columbian Americas, as well as for its spectacular art, monumental architecture, & sophisticated mathematical & astronomical systems.
Indigenous People term indigenous peoples can be used to describe any ethnic group of people who inhabit a geographic region with which they have the earliest known historical connection
Roman Civilization Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew out of a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 10th century BC. Located along the Mediterranean Sea, it became one of the largest empires in the ancient world
Settlement Patterns The nature of the distribution of settlements. Some settlement patterns may be seen as a reflection of cultural traditions
Social Traits Are the things that people do and say, and how they behave in a group
Created by: shaloam77



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