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Vision & Hearing

TermDefinition
Snellen's Chart visual acuity tool which has alphabetical letters graduating in size from the smallest on the bottom to the largest on the top.
tropia deviation of the eye away from the visual axis
esotropia deviation of the eye toward the nose
exotropia movement of the eye in a lateral direction
hypotropia movement of the eye in a downward deviation
consensual response any reflex observed on one side of the body when the other side has been stimulated.
accomodation the ability of the pupil to respond to near and far distances
arcus senilus bilateral opaque whitening of the outer rim of the cornea, which is usually seen in individuals older than 40 years of age.
ophthalmoscope the handheld instrument with a light source used to examine the internal eye.
ophthalmologist a physician who specializes in diagnosing and prescribing treatment for defects, injuries, and diseases of the eye, and is skilled at delicate eye surgery, such as that required to remove cataracts
optometrist one who specializes in eye examinations to identify visual defect, diagnose problems, prescribe corrective lenses or other treatments, and refer for medical treatment.
optician one who is trained to grind and fix lenses according to prescriptions written by the ophthalmologist .
otorrhea discharge
otalgia ear pain
tinnitus ringing, buzzing, or roaring in the ears.
vertigo dizziness
ototoxic having a damaging effect upon the eighth cranial (vestibulocochlear) nerve or on the organs of hearing and balance
Rinne Test acuity testing that is useful for differentiatng between conductive and sensorineural hearing loss.
Weber Test test for hearing, to detect unilateral (one-sided) conductive hearing loss (middle ear hearing loss) and unilateral sensorineural hearing loss (inner ear hearing loss).
Romberg's Test test used to assess vestibular function, by having the client to stand with their feet together, first with eyes open and then with eyes closed.
diplopia double vision
exteroceptors sensory receptors located close to the body surface and are sometimes referred to as cutaneous receptors
ptosis drooping eyelid
refraction an eye exam that measures a person's prescription for eyeglasses or contact lenses.
tinnitus abnormal ringing sound or noise to the ears
trachoma a contagious bacterial infection that affects the surface of the eyes
visceroceptors receptors that are located internally and provide information about the environment around the viscera
visual acuity the extent to which an eye is capable of resolving fine detail
myopia nearsightedness
macular degeneration a disease causes loss of visual acuity and central vision in older persons
Psoriasis skin disorder which causes silvery plaques and is a chronic inflammatory disease usually developed in the teen years
furuncles skin lesions that are usually caused by Staphylococcus aureus
melonoma the most serious type of skin cancer
scabies type of parasite that causes infection by burrowing in the skin and there is presence of fecal material
Created by: DocMorris