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Fluid & Electrolytes

Fluid & Electrolytes Part A

TermDefinition
aldosterone a mineralcorticoid hormone that increases the reabsorption of sodium and water in the renal tubules
anion a negatively charged ion such as chloride
anorexia loss of appetite
antidiuretic hormone increases absorption of water in renal tubules
ascites abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity
atrial natriuretic peptide a hormone secreted from cells in the right atrium of the heart when right atrial pressure increases.
capillary permeability localized edema that ay result from an inflammatory response or infection.
carpopedal spasm a strong muscle contraction of the hand or foot
cation a positively charged ion such as sodium, Na+
diffusion the movement of molecules from an area of high concentration to low concentration
diuretic drugs that increase urine production in the kidneys, promoting the removal of salt and fluid from the body.
dysrhythmia condition characterized by abnormal heart rhythm.
edema the accumulation of excess fluid in the cells, tissue, or a cavity resulting in swelling
electrocardiogram a record of conduction in the heart
extracellular situated or taking place outside a cell or cells.
filtration the transport of water and dissolved materials through a membrane from an area of higher pressure to an area of lower pressure.
hydrogen ions the positive ion of all acids
hydrostatic pressure pressure that blood exerts in the capillaries; as blood moves along the capillary, fluid moves out through its pores and into the interstitial space.
hypotonic/hyper-osmolar fluid excess in the extracelluar compartment
hypervolemia condition of having too much water in your body.
Created by: DocMorris