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Unit 5 StudyG Pt 1

Anatomy and Physiology

What is the normal range for blood pH? 7.35-7.45
What is the blood pH range for acidosis? <7.35
What is the blood pH range for alkalosis >7.45
__________ is one protein in the blood that helps maintain water balance. Albumin
An imbalance of water between the tissues and blood may cause __________. edema
Blood volume for females: 4-5 liters
Blood volume for males: 5-6 liters
Where are erythrocytes, leukocytes and platelets made? Red bone marrow
Identify and give a function for erythrocytes: RBC, carries O2 and some CO2
Identify and give a function for neutrophils: WBC, does phagocytosis, releases hydrogen peroxide and bleach
Give three examples of lymphocytes: NK cell, T cell, B cell
Identify and give a function for monocytes: Macrophage, becomes APC cell, does phagocytosis
____________ are elevated in people who have allergies or parasites. Eosinophils
Identify and give a function for megakaryocytes: Multinucleated cells that form platelets
Distinguish between plasma and serum: Plasma has clotting factors while serum does not
Average life span for a RBC is: 120 days
Test which measures the packed RBC volume in percent: Hematocrite
Test which measures the blood in grams/dl: Hemoglobin
Organs which remove damaged RBC are: Spleen and liver
A low WBC count is: Leukopenia
A high WBC count is: Leukocytosis
Protein inside RBC that carries oxygen and some CO2: Hemoglobin
Low hemoglobin and hematocrite is associated with: Anemia (30%)
High hemoglobin and hematocrite is associated with: Polycythemia (70%)
Hemostasis depends on the cellular ellements: _____________ and on _________________, which include proteins and CA2+ in the plasma Platelets; clotting factors
Which protein is used to make clot? Fibrinogen
Which blood type is the "universal recipient"? AB
Which blood type is the "universal doner"? O
Hemolytic disease of the newborn affects mothers with which blood type? RH+
Which blood types may be safely transfused to patients with blood type: A:________ B:________ AB:________O:_________ A: A,OB: B,OAB: AB, A, B, OO: O
Trace the path of blood flow through the heart. Superior and Inferior Vena Cava->Right Atrium->Right Ventricle->Pulminary Artery->Lungs (gas exchange)->Pulminary Vein->Left Atrium->Left Ventricle->Aorta->Body->Arteries->Capillaries (gas exchange)->Veins->Superior and Inferior Vena Cava
Lub is associated with __________________ and dup______________________. tricuspid and bicuspid valves; semilunar valves
The "heart strings" which attach the AV valves to the wall of the heart are called: Chordae tendonae
The membrane that covers the heart muscle is called: Epicardium or visceral pericardium
The membrane which keeps pericardial fluid around the heart is called: Parietal pericardium
The initiation of a heart beat is caused by the: SA node
Lack of blood flow to the heart muscle is called: Ischemia or heart attack
Trace the path of the cardiac conduction system: Right Atrium (SA node->AV node)->AV bundle->Left/right bundle branches->Perkinje fibers
Which structure separates the right side of the heart from the left? Septum
Blood vessle with valves and lots of connective tissue is called: Vein
Blood vessle with lots of smooth muscle and a narrow lumen is called: Artery
Name the layers of the blood vessles: Tunica exterina, tunica media, tunica intima
Which blood vessle layer has the endothelium? Tunica intima
Which test measures the electrical activity of the heart? EKG or ECG
The right side of the heart pumps blood to the _____________ and the left side pumps blood to the ___________________. lungs; rest of the body
Which blood vessles bring blood back to the heart? Veins
Which blood vessles take blood away from the heart? Arteries
4 x 4 x 4 4 chambers: right and left atria, right and left ventricles4 valves: Tricuspid, bicuspid, pulminary semilunar, aortic semilunar4 vessles: Vena cava, pulminary artery, pulminary vein, aorita
Give a definition for myocardial infarction. Heart attack
Kept outside of a body, a heart will beat on its own at ________bpm. 40
A resting pulse of __________ indicates tachycardia. >100
A resting pulse of __________ indicates bradycardia. <60
Normal systolic/diastolic blood pressure is: 120/80
Created by: twilight52