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Nucleic_Acids

Molecular Bio: Nucleic Acids

QuestionAnswer
Which molecule is bigger: DNA or RNA? DNA
in G0 phase, which of the following processes are occuring: replication, transcription, translation? TRX, TRL (b/c proteins are still being made by those cells) REP is not happening b/c those cells are not dividing
Name the nucleic acid: two rings, -NH2 Adenine (purine)
Name the nucleic acid: one ring, =O, -CH3 Thymine (pyrimidine)
Name the nucleic acid: one ring, =O Uracil (pyrimidine)
Name the nucleic acid: two rings, =O Guanine (purine)
Name the nucleic acid: one ring, -NH2 Cytosine (pyrimidine)
Which carbon does the nitrogenous base (A,C,G,T,U) attach to the ribose in RNA/DNA? 1'
Which carbon does the -PO4 attach to on ribose in RNA/DNA? 5'
What is significance of 2' carbon in RNA/DNA? (OH) vs. no(OH) determines RNA or DNA
How do the nucleic acids bind to each other in RNA/DNA (which carbons?) the -PO4 of one nucleic acid binds with 3' carbon of the next nucleic acid
Which is the major type of DNA: B-DNA or Z-DNA? B-DNA
What is the handedness of B-DNA vs Z-DNA B= Right handed, Z= left handed
Where do regulatory proteins bind on DNA? Major and Minor grooves
Which is dark staining: hrDNA or euDNA? hrDNA
Which is 30nm: hrDNA or euDNA? hrDNA
Which type of DNA is used during replication: hrDNA or euDNA? euDNA
What are the histones? Which one is specific to hrDNA H1, H2A H2B H3 H4. H1 is specific to hrDNA
Charge of DNA? Charge of histones? DNA = (-) charge. Histones = (+) charge.
Created by: jsad