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Weather

5th Grade Science Vocabulary

TermDefinition
weather condition of the atmosphere at a specific place and time (weather is hard to predict; changes constantly)
convection transfer of heat energy through liquids and gases (boiling water)
radiation transfer of energy through electromagnetic waves, such as the sun's rays (sun rays, toaster)
climate average weather of an area over a period of time
meteorologist a scientist that studies weather
conduction transfer of heat through direct contact
evaporation a change from a liquid to a gas
water cycle the movement of water between the earth's surface and the atmosphere
transpiration a plant's release of water vapor into the air
condensation the change from a gas to a liquid
precipitation rain, snow, sleet, hail
run-off excess water that the ground cannot absorb that flows over the land
air mass a large body of air with similar temperature and humidity
front the boundary between two different air masses (cold or warm)
prevailing wind a global wind pattern that blows consistently in the same direction
jet stream air current in the upper atmosphere that goes from West to East
current a mass of water or air that moves in a specific direction
latitude a distance north or south of the equator
equator the imaginary line that divides the northern and southern hemispheres (0 degrees latitude)
altitude height above sea level. Elevation is a related term
humidity the amount of water vapor in the air
low pressure a mass of warm moist air
high pressure a mass of cool dry air
weather instruments tools that help measure weather conditions (barometer, anemometer)
stratus layered clouds
cumulus puffy clouds
nimbus storm clouds
cirrus wispy clouds
land breeze a breeze from the land towards water during the night
sea breeze a breeze from the sea towards the land during the day
Created by: afitz23