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zygomatic arches bones that form the structures of the cheeks
zoonotic able to move through the animal-human barrier; transmissible from animals to humans
xiphoid process the inferior portion of the sternum
withdrawal referring to alcohol or drug withdraw in which the patients body reacts severely when deprived of the abused substance
wind chill chilling caused by convection of the heat from the body in the presence of air currents
white blood cells components of the blood. They produce substances that help the body fight infection
weapons of mass destruction (WMD) weapons, devices, or agents intended to cause widespread harm and/or fear among a population
weaponization packaging or producing a material, such a chemical, biological, or radiological agent, so that it can be used a weapon
watt the unit of measurement of the output power of a radio
WMD weapons of mass destruction
Water chill Chilling caused by conduction of heat from the body when the body or clothing is wet
Voluntary muscle Muscle that can be consciously controlled
Volatile chemicals Vaporizing compounds, such as cleaning fluid, that are breathed in by the abuser to produce a "high".
Warm Zone Areaware personnel and equipment decontamination and Hot Zone support take place. It includes control points for the access Corridor and that's assists in reducing the spread of contamination.
V/Q match Ventilation perfusion match. This implies that badly are supplied with enough air and that the air in the alveoli is matched with sufficient blood in the pulmonary capillaries to permit Optimum exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide
Ventilator A device that breathes for a patient.
Ventral Referring to the front of the body
Venous bleeding Bleeding from a vein, which is characterized by dark red or maroon blood and a steady, easy to control flow
Ventilation The process of moving gases (o2 and co2) between inhaled air and the pulmonary circulation of blood.
Ventricles The two lower Chambers of the heart. There is a right ventricle which Sims oxygen for blood to the lungs and a left ventricle which since oxygen rich blood to the lungs.
Ventricular fibrillation (VF) A condition in which the hearts electrical impulses are disorganized preventing the heart muscles from Contracting normally
Ventricular tachycardia A condition in which the heartbeat is quite rapid; if rapid enough ventricular tachycardia will not allow the hearts Chambers to fill with enough blood between beats to produce blood flow sufficient to meet the bodies needs.
Venturi mask A face mask and reservoir bag device that delivers specific concentrations of o2 by mixing o2 with inhaled air.
Venule The smallest kind of vein
Vertebrae The bones of the spinal column
Visceral pain A poorly localized, dull, Or diffuse pain that arises from the abdominal organs, or viscera.
Vitial signs At work signs of what is going on inside the body including respiration, pulse, skin color, temperature and condition (plus capillaty refill in infants and children) pupils, and blood pressure.
Venom A toxin (poison) produced by certain animals such a snakes, spiders, and some marine life forms.
Vein Any blood vessel returning blood to the heart
Venae cavae The superior vena cava and the inferior Vena cava. These two major veins return blood from the body to the right atrium.
Valve A structure that opens and closes to permit the flow of a fluid in Only One Direction
Vagina The female organ of reproduction used for both sexual intercourse and as an exit from the uterus for the fetus.
Uterus The muscular female abdominal organ where the fetus develops the womb.
Urinary catheter A tube inserted into the baldder through the urethra to drain urine from the bladder
Urethra Tube connecting the bladder to the vagina or penis for excretion of urine.
Uppers Stimulants such as amphetamines that affect the central nervous system to excite the user
Untoward effect An effect of a medication in addition to its desired effects that may be potentially harmful to the patient.
Universal dressing A bulky dressing
Inified command Command organization in which several agencies work independently but cooperatively.
Umbilical cord The fetal structure containing the blood vessels that carry blood to ans from the placenta.
Ulna The medical bone of the forearm
Trust vs. Mistrust Concept developed from an orderly, predictable environment verses a disorderly, irregular environment.
Triage tag Color-coded tag indicating the priority group to which a patient has been assigned.
Triage supervisior The person responsible for overseeing triage at a multiple-casualty incident.
Triage area The area where secondary triage takes place at a multiple casualty incident.
Triage The process of quickly examining patients at a multiple casualty incident and assigning each a priority for receiving treatment.
Trending Changes in a patients conditionover time, such as a slowing of respirations or rising pulse rate, that may show improvement or deterioration, and that can be shiwn by documenting repeated behaviors.
Trendelenburg position A position is which the patients feet and legs are higher than the head.
Testes The mail or going to reproduction used for the production of sperm
Thorax The chest
Thrill A vibration felt on gentle palpation such as that which typically occurs within an arterial Venus fistula
Thrombus A clot formed of blood and plaque attached to the inner wall of an artery or vein.
Thyroid cartilage The wing-shaped Plate of cartilage that sets anterior to the larynx and forms the Adam's apple
Tibia The medial and larger bone of the lower leg
Tidal volume The volume of air moved in one cycle of breathing
Toddler phase Stage of life from 12 to 36 months
Tonic-clonic seizure A generalized seizure in which the patient loses Consciousness and has jerking movements of paired muscle groups
Traction splint A splint that applies constant pull along the length of the lower extremity to help stabilize the fractured bone and to reduce muscle spasm in the limb.
Transportation supervisor Communicating with sector officers and hospitals to manage transportation of patients to hospitals from a multiple casualty incident
Trauma patient A patient suffering from one or more physical injuries
Trauma score A system of evaluating trauma patients according to a numerical rating system to determine the severity of the patients trauma.
Treatment area Ciara and which patients are treated in a multiple casualty incident
Treatment supervisor Person responsible for overseeing treatment of patients who have been triaged in a multiple casualty incident
Torso The trunk of the body or the body without the head and the extremities
Tort A civil not a criminal offense in action or injury caused by negligence from which a lawsuit may arise
Tourniquet A device used for bleeding control that can tricks all blood flow to and from an extremity
Toxin A poisonous substance secreted by bacteria,plants, or animals.
Trachea So when pipe the structure that connects the pharynx to the lungs
Tracheostomy A surgical incision held open by a metal or plastic tube
Tracheotomy mask A device designed to be placed over a stoma or tracheotomy tube to provide supplemental oxygen
Abandonment Leaving a patient after care has been initiated and before the patient has been transfered to someone with equal or greater medical training.
ABC'S airway, breathing, and circulation.
Abrasion A scratch or scrape.
Abortion Spontaneous (miscarriage) or induced termination of pregnancy.
Antidote A substance that will neutralize the poisons or its effects.
Anterior The front of the body or body parts
Anatomy The study of bidy structures.
Angulated fracture Fracture in which the broken bone segments are at an angle to each other
Adolescense Stage of life from 13 to 18 years
Anemia Lack of normal number of red blood cells in the circulation.
Afterbirth The placenta, membranes of the amniotic sac, part of tube umbilical cord, and some tissues of the lining of the uterus that are delivered after the birth of the baby.
Abruptio placentae A condition in which the placenta separate from the uterus wall a cause of pre birth bleeding
Absorbed poisons Poison that are taken into the body through unbroken skin
Acromion process The highest portion of the shoulder.
Aneurysm The dilation, or ballooning, of a weakened section of the wall of an artery.
Allergen Something that causes an allergic reaction.
Agonal breathing Irregular, gasping beaths that precede apnea and death.
Allergic reaction An exaggerated immune response
Abdominal quadrants For divisions of the abdomen used to pinpoint a location of a pain or injury
Acetabulum The pelvic socket into which the ball at the proximal end of the femur fits to from the hip joint
Acromioclavicular joint The Joint where the acromion and clavical meet
Activated charcoal A substance that absorbs many poisons and prevent them from being absorbed by the body
Active Rewarming Application of an external heat sores to be warm the body of a hypothermia patient
Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) A blanket term used to represent any symptom related to lack of oxygen (ischemia) in the heart muscle also called cardiac compromise
Advance directive A DNR order
Acute myocardial infraction (AMI) The condition in which a portion of the myocardium dies as a result of oxygen starvation often called a heart attack
Aerobic metabolism The cellular process in which oxygen is used to metabolism glucose. Energy is produced in an efficient manner with minimal waste product.
Air embolism An air or gas bubble in the bloodstream. Arterial gas embolism (AGE) is the same.
Angina pectoris Pain in the chest occurring when blood supply to the heart is reduced and a portion of the heart muscle is not receiving enough oxygen
Anatomical position The standard reference position for the body in the study of Anatomy in this position the body is standing erect facing the Observer with arms down at the sides and the palms of the hands forward
Anaphylaxis A severe or life-threatening allergic reaction and which the blood vessels dilate causing a drop in blood pressure and the tissues lining the respiratory system swell this interferes with the air way.
Anaerobic metabolism The cellular process in which glucose is metabolism to energy without oxygen. Energy is produced in an inefficient manner with many waste products.
Amputation The surgical removal or traumatic severing of a body part usually and extremity
Amniotic sac The bag of water that's around the developing fetus
Alveoli The microscopic sacks of the lungs were gas exchange with the bloodstream takes place
Alveolar ventilation The amount of air that reaches the Aveoli
Airway The passage way by which are enters or leaves the body. The structures of the Airway are the nose, mouth, Pharynx, larynx, trachea, Bronchi, and lungs
Bronchi The two large sets of branches that come off the trachea and enter the lungs. There are right and left bronchi.
Breech presentation When the babies butt or both legs appear first during birth.
Braxton-Hicks contractions Irregular prelabor contractions of the uterus.
Bradycardia A slow pulse. Any pluse rate below 60 beats per minute.
Brachial pulse The pulse felt in the upper arm
Bonding The sense that needs will be met
Bones Hard but flexable living structures that provide support for the body and protection to vital organs
Brachial artery Artery of the upper arm (used as a pulse check in infant cpr)
Body mechanics The proper use of the body to facilitate lifting and moving and prevent injury
Blunt-force trauma Injury caused by a blow that does not penetrate the skin or other body tissues
Blood pressure
The pressure caused by blood exerting force against the walls of blood vessels. Measured in two parts diastolic and systolic.
Avulsion The tearing away or tearing off of a piece or flap of skin or other soft tissue. This term may also be used for an eye pulled from it socket or a tooth dislodged from it socket.
Bag-valve mask (BVM) A handheld device with the face mask and self refilling bag that can be squeezed to provide artificial ventilation to a patient.
Bandage Any material used to hold a dressing in place
Bariatric Having to do with patients who are significantly overweight or obese
Bariatrics A branch of medicine that deals with the causes of obesity as well as its prevention and treatment
Base station A two-way radio at a fixed site such as a hospital or Dispatch Center
Battery Causing bodily harm to or restraining a person
Behavior The manner in which a person acts
Bilateral On both sides
Bladder The round sack like organ of the renal system used as a reservoir for urine
Blood pressure monitor Machine that automatically in plates a blood pressure cuff and measures blood pressure
Behavioral emergency When a patient's behavior is not typical for the situation; when the patient's behavior is unacceptable or in tolerable to the patient his family or the community or when the patient may cause harm to himself or others.
Auscultation Listening
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) Developmental disorder that affect among other things the ability to communicate report medical conditions self regulate behaviors and interact with others
Auto-injector A syringe pretty loaded with medication that has a spring loaded device that pushes the needle through the skin when the tip of the device is pressed firmly against the body
AVPU A memory aid for classify a patient's level of responsiveness or mental status
Autonomic nervous system What division of the peripheral nervous system that controls involuntary motor functions
Automaticity The ability of the heart to generate and conduct electrical impulses on its own
Automatic transport ventilator (ATV) A device that provides positive pressure ventilations.
Automatic implanted cardiac defibrillator (AICD) It advice and planted under the skin of the chest to detect any life-threatening dysrhythmia and deliver a shock to defibrillator heart
Appendix A small tube located near the junction of the small and large intestines in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen the function of which is not well understood.
Aorta The largest artery in the body that transports blood from the left ventricle to begin systemic circulation
Apnea No breathing
Arterial bleeding Bleeding from an artery which is characterized by bright red blood that is rapid, profuse, and difficult to control
Arteriole The smallest kind of artery
Artery Any blood vessel carrying glad away from the heart
Aura A sensation experience buy a seizure patient right before the seizure which might be a smell sound or General feeling
Assault Placing a person in fear of bodily harm
Atria The two ever chambers of the heart
Asystole A condition in which the heart has ceased generating electrical impulses
Artificial ventilation Forcing are or oxygen into the lungs when a patient has stopped breathing or has inadequate breathing this is also called positive pressure ventilation
Aspirin A medication used to reduce the clotting ability of blood to prevent and treat clots associated with myocardial infraction
Spinous The bony bump on a vertebra
Spleen An organ located in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen that acts as a blood filtration system and a reservoir for reserves of blood
Spontaneous abortion When the fetus in placenta deliver before the 28th we could pregnancy commonly known as miscarriage
Sprain The stretching and tearing of ligaments
Staging area The area where ambulances are parked and other resources are held until needed
Staging supervisor Person responsible for overseeing ambulances and ambulance Personnel at a multiple casualty incident
Standard of care For an EMT providing care for a specific patient and a specific situation they care that would be expected to be provided by an EMT with similar training when caring for a patient in a similar situation
Standard precautions A strict form of infection control that is based on the assumption that all blood and other body fluid are infectious
Standing orders A policy or protocol issued by a medical director that authorized is EMTs and others to perform particular skills in certain situations
Status epilepticus A prolonged seizure or situation when a person suffers two or more compulsive seizures with a tree gaining full consciousness
Sternum The breast bone
Stillborn Born dead
Stoma A permanent surgical opening in the neck through which the patient breaths
Stomach Muscular sack between the esophagus and the small intestine where digestion of food begins
Strain Muscle injury resulting from over stretching or over exertion of the muscle
Strategies Broad General plans designed to achieve desired outcomes
Stress A state of physical and or psychological arousal to a stimulus.
Stretch receptors Sensors and blood vessels that identify internal pressure
Strider A high pitch sound generated from partially obstructive air flow in the upper air way
Stroke A condition of altered function caused when an artery in the brain is blocked or ruptured disrupting the supply of oxygenated blood or causing bleeding into the brain
Stroke volume The amount of blood ejected from the heart and one contraction.
Subcutaneous layers The layers of fat and soft tissue found below the dermis
Sucking chest wound And open chest wound in which are is "sucked" into the chest cavity.
Terrorism The unlawful use of force or violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population or any segment thereof in further in of political or social objectives
Tension pneumothorax He type of pneumothorax in which are that enters the chest cavity is prevented from escaping
Tendon Tissue that connects muscle to bone
Supine Lying on the back
Syncope Fainting
Tarsals The ankle bones
Temporomandibular joint The movable joint formed between the Mandeville and the temporal bone also called the TMJ
Temporal bone Bone not forms part of the side of the skull and floor of the cranial cavity there is a right and left temporal lobe
Temperament An infant's reaction to his environment
Tearing pain Sharp pain that feels as if the body tissues are being torn apart
Tactics Specific operational actions to accomplish assigned tasks
Tachycardia A rapid pulse or any pulse rate above 100 beats per minute
Systolic blood pressure The pressure created when the heart contracts and forces blood out into the arteries
Sucking reflux When you stroke a hungry and infants lips he will start sucking
Suctioning Use of a vacuum device to remove blood pharmacist and other secretions of Foreign material from the Airway
Sudden death A cardiac arrest that occurs within 2 hours of the onset of symptoms the patient may have no prior symptoms of coronary artery disease
Suffix Word part added to the end of a root word or word to complete its meaning
Superior Toward the head
Superficial burn A burn that involves only the epidermis the outer layer skinned it is characterized by reading of the skin and drop some swelling a common example is a sunburn also called first agree
Systemic vascular resistance (SVR) The pressure in that peripheral blood vessels that the heart muscles must overcome in order to pump blood into the system
Supine hypotensive syndrome Dizziness and a drop-in blood pressure caused when the mother is in a supine position and the weight of the uterus, infant, placenta, and amniotic fluid compress the inferior vena cava reducing return of blood to the heart and cardiac output
Chemoreceptors Chemical sensors in the brain and blood vessels that identify changing levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide
Chief complaint An emergency medicine the reason EMS was called usually in the patients own words
Clavicle The collarbone
Closed extremity injury An injury to an extremity with no associated opening in the skin
Closed wound An internal injury with no open pathway from the outside
Cold zone Area where the incident command post and support functions are located
Combining form A word route with an added vowel that can be join with other words roots or suffixes to form a new word
Command The first on this seem to establish water and initiate the incident command system
Compound A word formed from 2 or more whole words
Comminuted fracture A fracture in which the bone is broken in several places
Compartment syndrome An injury caused went tissues such as blood vessels and nerves are constricted without leaving a space for swelling or from a tight dressing or cast
Compensated shock When the patient is developing shocked but the body is still able to maintain perfusion
Concussion Mild closed head injury without detective damage to the brain complete recovery is usually expected
Conduction The transfer of heat from one material to another through direct contact
Consent Permission from the patient for care or other action by EMT
Constrict Get smaller
Congestive heart failure (CHF) The failure of the heart to pump efficiently leading to excessive blood of fluids in the lungs the body or both
Contamination Contact with your presence of a material or contaminate that is present where it does not belong and that is somehow harmful to person,animal or to the environment.
Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis(CAPD) A gravity exchange process of dialysis in which a bag of dialysis fluid is raised above the level of an abdominal catheter to fill the abdominal cavity and then lowered below the level of the abdominal catheter to drain out the fluid
Continuous cycler-assisted peritoneal dialysis (CCPD) Mechanical process for dialysis in which a machine feels an empty the abdominal cavity of dialysis solution.
Confidentiality The obligation not to reveal information obtained about a patient except to Healthcare professionals involved in the patients care or under subpoena or in a court of law or when a patient has signed a release of confidentiality.
Cervix The neck of the uterus at the entrance to the birth canal
Carpals The wrist bones
Cartilage Top tissue that covers the joint ends of bones and helps to form certain body parts such as the ear
Cell phone A phone that transmitted through the air instead of over wires so that the phone could be transported and used over a wide area
Cellular respiration The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between cells and circulating blood
Central nervous system (CNS) The brain and spinal cord
Central Iv catheter A catheter surgically and started for long-term delivery of medications or fluids into the central circulation
Central pulses The carotid and femoral pulses, which can be felt in the central part of the body
Central rewarming Application of heat to the lateral chest neck armpits and groin of a hypothermia patient
Cephalic presentation When the baby appears head first during birth this is the normal presentation
Ceberospinal fluid The fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord
Calcaneus The heel bone
Cardiac muscle Specialized involuntary muscle found only in the heart
Carotid pulse The post felt along the large carotid artery on either side of the neck
Cardiovascular system The system made up of the heart and the blood vessels
Carotid arteries The large neck arteries, one on each side of the neck that carry blood from the heart to the head.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (cpr) Actions taken to revive a perwon by keeping the persons heart and lungs working.
Cardiogenic shock Shock, or lack of perfusion, brought on not by blood loss, but by inadequate pumping action of the heart. Its often the result of a heart attack or congestive heart failure.
Cardiac output The amount of blood ejected from the heart in 1 minite (heart rate x stroke volume).
Cardiac conduction system A system of specialized muscle tissues that conducts electrical impulses that stimulate the heart to beat.
Capillary bleeding Bleeding from capillaries, which is characterized by a slow, oozing flow of blood
Cappillary A thin walled microscopic blood vessel where the oxygen/carbon dioxide and neutrient/waste exchange with the bodies cells takes place.
Bronchoconstriction Contractions of smooth muscle that lines the bronchial passages that results in a decreased internal diameter of the air way and increased resistance to air flow.
SAMPLE In memory aid in which the letters stand for elements of the past medical history
Scaffolding Building on what one already knows
Scapula The shoulder blade
School-age Stage of life from 6 to 12 years old
Renal failure Loss of the kidneys ability to filter the blood and remove toxins and excess fluids from the body
Retractions Pulling in of the skin and soft tissue between the ribs when breathing this is typically as sign of respiratory distress in children
Retroperitoneal space The area posterior to the peritoneal between the peritoneal in the back.
Root Foundation of a word that is not a word that can stand on its own
Renal system The body system that regulates fluid balance and the filtration of blood
Scope of Practice They said of regulations and ethical considerations that Define the scope or extent and limits of the EMTs job
Side effect Any action of a drug other than the desired action
Skeleton The bones of the body
Shock The bodies in inability to an adequately circulate blood to the bodies sells to supply them with oxygen and nutrients which is a life-threatening condition also known as hypoperfusion
Respiratory system The system of nose mouth throat lungs and muscles that bring oxygen into the body and expose carbon dioxide
Reticular activating system (RAS) Series of neurological circuits in the brain that control the functions of staying awake paying attention and sleeping
Rooting reflex When you touch a hungry infants cheek he will turn his head toward the side touched
Routes of Entry Pathways into the body generally by absorption ingestion injection and inhalation
Skin The layer of tissue between the body and the external environment
Skull The body structure of the head
Slander False or injurious information stated verbally
Sickle cell anemia (sca) An inherited disease in which a genetic defect is in the hemoglobin resulting in abnormal structure of red blood cells
Single incident command Command organization in which a single agency controls all resources and operations
Sphygmomanometer The cuff and gauage used to measure blood pressure.
Reproductive system The body system that v is responsible for human reproduction
Repeater A device that picks up signals from lower power radio units such as a mobile and portable radio Andre transmitted them at a higher power it also allows lower power radio signals to be transmitted over long distances
Res ipsa loquitur A Latin term meaning, "the thing speaks for itself"
Respiratory arrest When breathing completely stops
Respiratory distress Increased work of breathing ;Sensation of shortness of breath
Respiratory failure The reduction of breathing to the point where oxygen intake is not sufficient to support life
Respiratory rate The number of breath taken in 1 minute
Respiratory rhythm The regular or irregular spacing of breaths
Respiratory quality The normal or abnormal (shallow,labored, or noisy) character of breathing.
Seizure A sudden change in sensation, behavior, or movement. The most severe form id seizure produces violent muscle contractions called convulsions
Respiration The diffusion of o2 & co2 between the aveoli and the blood and between the blood and the cells.
Rule of palm A method for estimating the extent of the burn. The palm of the patient's own hand which equals 1% of the body surface area is compared with the patient's burns you estimate its size
Rule of nines A method for estimating the extent of a burn.
Small intestine The muscular tube between the stomach and the large intestine divided into the duodenum, the jejunum, and the ileum, which receives partially digested food from the stomach and continues digestion. nutrients are absorbed by the body through its walls.
Safe haven law A law that permit a person to drop off an infant or child at a police fire or EMS station or to deliver the inventor child to any available Public Safety personnel the intent of the law is to protect children who may otherwise be abandon or harmed.
Scene size up Steps taken when approaching a scene of an emergency call: checking seen safety, taking standard precautions, noting the MOI, or nature of the patient's illness to terminal the number of patience & deciding what if any additional resources to call for.
Secondary devices Destructive devices such as bombs placed to be activated after an initial attacked and is timed to injure emergency Responders and others who rush to help and care for those targeted by the initial attack.
Reassessment A procedure for detecting changes in a patient condition it involves four steps repeating the primary assessment repeating and recording vitals repeating a physical exam and checking interventions
Radial artery The artery of the lower arm it is felt when taking the pulse that the wrist
Radiation Sending out energy such as heat in waves into space
Radius The lateral bone of the forearm
Rapid trauma assessment A rapid assessment of the head neck just abdomen pelvis extremities and posterior of the body to detect signs and symptoms of injury
Reactivity In the pupils of the eyes, reacting to light by changing size
Recovery position Lying on the side
Red blood cells Components of the blood they carry oxygen to and carbon dioxide away from the cells
Red flag A sinus symptom that suggest the possibility of a particular problem that is very serious
Referred pain Pain that has felt in a location other than where the pain originate
Rem Roentgen equivalent in man; a measure of radiation dosage.
Priapism Persistent erection of the penis that may result from a spinal injury and some medical problems
Priority The decision regarding the need for immediate transport of the patient versus further assessment and care at the scene
Prone Laying face down
Pulmonary edema Accumulation of fluid in the lungs
Pulmonary arteries The vessels like carried deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle of the heart to the lungs
Pubis The medical interior portion of the pelvis
Proximal Closer to the torso
Prolapsed umbilical cord When the umbilical cord presents first and it's squeezed between the vaginal wall and the baby's head
Protocols List of steps such as assessments and interventions to be taken in different situation protocols are developed by the medical director of the EMS system
Primary assessment The first element in a patient's assessment steps taken for the purpose of discovering and dealing with any life-threatening problems there are six parts to this assessment.
Radial pulse The pulse felt at the wrist
Pulmonary respiration The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the a aveolu and the circulating blood in the pulmonary capillaries
Pulmonary veins The vessels that carry oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart
Pulse The rhythmic beats caused as waves of blood move through and expand the arteries
Pulse oximeter And electrionic device for determining the amount of oxygen carried in the blood known as the oxygen saturation or spo2
Pulse quality The Rhythm (regular or irregular) and force (strong or weak) of the pulse
Pulse rate The number of pulse beats per minute
Quality Improvement A process of continuous self review with the purpose of identifying and correcting aspects of the system that require improvement
Pupil The black center of the eye
Puncture wound An open wound that tears through the skin and destroys the underlying tissues a penetrating puncture wound can be shallow or deep a perforated puncture wound has both an entrance and an exit wound
Pulseless electrical activity (PEA) A condition in which the hearts electrical rhythm remains relatively normal yet the mechanical pumping activity fails to follow the electrical activity causing cardiac arrest
Postictal phase The period of time immediately following a tonic colonic seizure and which the patient goes from full lots of Consciousness to full mental status
Power grip Gripping with as much an surface as possible in contact with the object being lifted all fingers bent at the same angle and hands at least 10 inches apart
Power lift A lift from a squatting position with wait to be lifted close to the body feet apart and flat on the ground body weight on or just behind the balls of the feet and the back locked in the upper body is raised before the hips.
Preeclampsia A complication of pregnancy in which the woman retains large amounts of fluid and has hypertension she may also experience seizures and or coma during birth which is very dangerous to the infant
Prefix Word part added to the beginning of a root or word to modify or qualify its meaning
Premature infant A newborn wing less than 5 and 1/2 lb or born before the 37th week of pregnancy
Preschool age Stage of life from 3 to 5 years
Pressure dressing A boogie dressing hidden position with a tightly wrapped bandage which applies pressure to help control bleeding
Pressure regulator A device connected to an oxygen cylinder to reduce cylinder pressure so it's safe for delivery of oxygen to a patient
Detailed physical exam And assessment that differs from the rapid trauma assessment it may be done last rapidly and it may be done in route to the hospital after on scene assessments and interventions are completed
Detailed agent An EMT or another person authorize by the medical director to give medications and provide emergency care the transfer of such authorization to a designated agent is an extension of the medical directors license to practice medicines
Dermis The inner second layer of skin rich and blood vessels and nerves found beneath the epidermis
Decompression sickness A condition resulting from nitrogen trapped in the body's tissues caused by coming up to quickly from a deep prolonged dive. a symptom of decompression sickness is "the bends" or deep pain in the muscles and joints
Decontamination A chemical or physical process that reduces or prevents the spread of contamination from persons or equipment the removal of hazardous substances from employees and their equipment to the extent necessary to preclude foreseeable health effects
Defibrillation Delivery of an electrical shock to the top of the fibrillation of the heart muscles and restore a normal heart rhythm
Dehydration An abnormally low amount of water in the body
Dermatone And area of skin that is innervated by a single spinal nerve
Delirium tremens (DTs) A severe reaction that can be part of alcohol withdrawal at characterized by swelling trembling anxiety and hallucinations severe alcohol withdrawal with duties can lead to death if untreated
Diastolic blood pressure The pressure remaining in the arteries when the left ventricle of the heart is relaxed and refilling
Diaphragm The muscular structure that divides the chest cavity from the abdominal cavity. A major muscle of respiration.
Dialysis The process by which toxins & excess fluid arw c removed from the body by a medical system independent of the kidneys
Diagnosis A description or label for a patients condition that assists a clinician in further evaluation & treatment
Diabetic ketoacidosis A condition that occurs of the results of high blood sugar, characterized by dehydration, altered mental status & shock
Diabetes mellitus Diabetes; the condition brought about by decreased insulin production or the inability of the bodies cells to use insulin properly.
Crime scene The location where a crime has been committed or any place that evidence relating to a crime may be found
Critical incident stress management (CISM) A comprehensive system that education and resources to both prevent stress and to deal with the stress appropriately when it occurs
Critical thinking An analytical process that can help someone think through a problem in an organized and efficient manner
Crowning When part of the baby is visiable through the vaginal opening
Cyanosis A blue or grey color resulting from lack of oxygen in the body.
Dead air space Hear that occupied space between the mouth and the aveoli but that does not actually reach the area of gas exchange
Decompensated shock When the body can no longer compensate for low blood volume or lack of perfusion. late signs such as decreasing blood pressure become evident.
Danger zone The area around the wreckage of a vehicle crash or other incident with in which special safety precautions should be taken
Crush injury An injury caused by force is transmitted feom the bodies exterior to its internal structures.bones can be broken, muscles, nerves, and tissue damaged.: internal organs ruptured, causing internal bleeding.
Cricoid pressure Pressure applied to the cricoid ring to minimize are entry into the esophagus doing positive pressure ventilation
Cricoid cartilage The ring shaped structure that forms the lower part of the larynx.
Crepitation Decorating sensation or sound made when fractured bone ends rub together
Continuous positive Airway pressure (CPAP) A form of non invasive positive pressure ventilation consist taking of a mask and a means of boiling oxygen or air into the mask to prevent Airway collapse or to help alleviate difficulty breathing
Condraindications Specifics times or circumstances under which it is not appropriate and may be harmful to administer a drug to a patient
Contusion A bruise in brain injuries a brused brain caused when the force of a blow to the head is great enough to rupture blood vessels
Convection Carrying o2 away from the heart by current severe water or other gases were liquids
Coronary arteries Blood vessels that supply the muscle of the heart
Coronary artery disease Diseases that affect the arteries of the heart
Cranium The bonus structures making up the forehead top back and upper sides of the skull
Crepitation The grading sound or feeling a broken bones wedding together
Dilate Get larger
Dissemination Spreading
Dislocation The disruption or "comming apart" of a joint
Disaster plan A predefined set of instructions for a communities emergency Responders
Disability A physical emotional behavioral or cognitive condition that interferes with a person's ability to carry out everyday tasks such as working or caring for oneself.
Direct ground lift A method of lifting and carrying a patient from ground level to a structure in which two or more Rescuers meal curl the patient to the chest stand then reverse the process to lower the patient to the structure
Direct carry A method of transferring a patient from bed to structure during which two or more Rescuers Corolla patient to their chests then reverse the process to lower the patient to the stretcher
Dilution Sitting down or we canning by mixing with something else ingested. poisons are sometimes diluted by drinking water or milk.
Digestive system System by which food travels through the body and is digested or broken down into absorbable forms
Diffusion A process by which Molecules move from one area of high concentration to an area of low concentration
Differential diagnosis A list of potential diagnosis compiled early in the assessment of the patient
Duty to act An obligation to provide care to a patient
Drowning The process of experiencing respiratory impairment from submersion/immersion in liquids which may result in death morbidity, (illness or other adverse effects) or no morbidity.
Dyspnea Shortness of breath; labored or difficult bleeding
Dysrhythmia A disturbance and heart rate and rhythm
Early childhood Stage of life from 19 to 40 years old
Eclampsia A severe complication of pregnancy that produces seizures and coma
Ectopic pregnancy When implantation of the fertilized egg is not in the body of the uterus occurring instead in the fallopian tube cervix or abdominal pelvic cavity
Edema Swelling associated with the movement of water into the interstitial space causing a buildup of fluid in the tissues
Electrolyte A substance that when dissolved in water separates into charged particles
Embolism Blockage of a vessel by a clot or Foreign material brought to the site by the blood current.
Embryo The baby from fertilization to 8 weeks of development
Meconium straining Amniotic fluid that is greenish or brownish yellow rather than clear as a result of fetal death occasion an indication of possible maternal or fetus distressed during labor
Medial Toward the midline of the body
Medical direction Oversite of the patient care aspects of an EMS system by the medical director
Medical director A physician who is Jim's ultimate responsibility for the patient care aspects of the EMS system
Medical patient A patient suffering from one or more medical diseases or conditions
Mental status Level of responsiveness
Metabolism Metabolism set cellular function of converting nutrients into energy
Metacarpal The hand bones
Metatarsal The foot bones
Mid-axillary line A line drawn vertically from the middle of the armpit to the ankle
Mid-clavicular line The line through the center of each clavicle
Middle adulthood Stage of life from 41 to 60 years old
Midline An imaginary line drawn down the center of the body dividing it into right and left halves.
Minute volume The amount of are buried in during each respiration x the number of breaths per minute
Miscarriage Spontaneous abortion
Mobile radio A two-way radio that is used or affixed in a vehicle
Nitroglycerin A drug that helps to dilate the coronary vessels that's up by the heart muscle with blood
Nonrebreather (NRB) mask A face mask and Reservoir bag device that delivers high concentration of oxygen the patients exhaled air escapes through a valve and is not rebreathed.
Obesity A condition of having too much body fat defined as a body mass index of 30 or greater
Occlusion Blockage as of an artery by fatty deposits
Occlusive dressing Any dressing that forms an airtight seal
Off-line medical direction Standing orders issued by the medical director that allow EMTs to give certain medications or perform certain procedures without speaking to the medical director or another physician
On-line medical direction What is given directly by the on duty physician to an EMT in the field by radio or telephone
Open extremity injury And extremity injury in which the skin has been broken or torn through from the inside by an injured bone or from the outside by something that has caused a penetrating wound with associated injury to the bone.
Nasal bones The bones that for me upper third or bridge of the nose
Nasal cannula A device that delivers low concentration of oxygen through two prongs that rest in the patient's nostrils
Nasopharyngeal airway A flexible breathing tube inserted through the patient's nose into the pharynx to help maintain an open Airway
Nasopharynx The area directly posterior to the nose
Nature of the illiness What is medically wrong with a patient
Neonate A newly born infant or an infant less than 1 month old
National incident management system (NIMS) The management system used by federal state and local governments to manage emergencies in the United States
Negligence A finding a failure to act properly and a situation in which there was a duty to act that needed care as would reasonably the expected of the EMT was not provided and that harm was caused to the patient as a result
Nervous system The system of brain spinal cord and nerves that govern sensation movement and thought
Neurogenic shock A State of Shock caused by nerve paralysis that sometimes develops from spinal cord injuries
911 system A system for telephone access to report emergencies a dispatcher take the information and alerts EMS or the fire or Police Department as needed it has the capability to automatically identify the callers phone number and location
Oxygen A gas commonly found in the atmosphere pure oxygen is do use as a drug to treat a patient who's medical or traumatic condition may cause harm to be hypoxic or low in oxygen.
Oxygen cylinder A cylinder filled with oxygen under pressure
Oxygen saturation (spo2) The ratio of the amount of oxygen present in the blood to the amount that could be carried expressed as a percentage.
Pacemaker A device implanted under the skin with wires implanted into the heart to modify the hearts right as needed to maintain an adequate heart rate
Palmer Referring to the palm of the hand
Palmer reflex When you place your fingers in an infant's palm he will grasp it
Palpitation Touching or feeling
Pancreas A gland located behind the stomach that produces insulin and juices that is cyst and I just of food in the dodenum of the small intestine
Paradoxical motion Movement of ribs in a flame segment that is opposite to the direction of movement of the rest of the chest cavity
Open wound An injury in which the skin is interrupted exposing the tissue beneath
Opqrsti A memory aid in which the letters stand for questions asked to get a description of the present illness.
Oral glucose A form of glucose given my mouth to treat and awake patient with an altered mental status and a history of diabetes
Orbits The body structures around the eyes; the eye sockets
Organ donor A person who has completed a legal document that allows for donation of organs and tissues in the event of death
Oropharyngeal airway A curved device inserted through the patient's mouth into the pharynx to help maintain in open Airway
Oropharynx The area directly posterior to the mouth
Ostomy bag And external couch that collects fecal matter diverted from the colon or ileum true a surgical opening in the abdominal wall
Ovaries Egg producing organs within the female reproductive system
Ovulation Ovulation the phase of the female reproductive cycle and which an ovim is released from the ovaries
Mons pubis Soft tissue that covers the pubic symphysis; area where hair grows as a woman reaches puberty
Moral Reguarding personal standards or principles of right and wrong
Moro reflex When started an infant's roses arms out spread his fingers then grabs with his fingers and arms
Multiple birth When more than one baby is born during a single delivery
Multiple trauma More than one serious injury
Multiple casualty incident (mci) Any medical or trauma incident involving multiple patients
Multi system trauma What are more injuries that affect more than one body systems
Muscles Tissues or fibers that cause movement of body parts and organs
Musculoskeletal system The system of bones and the skeletal muscles that support and protect the body and permit movement
Narcotics A class of drugs that affect the nervous system in change many normal body activities they're legal used is for the relief of pain. Illicit uses to produce an intense state of relaxation.
Hypothermia An increase in body temperature above normal which is a life-threatening condition in its extreme
Hypoglycemia Low blood sugar
Ilium The superior and why does portion of the pelvis
In loco parentis In place of the parents indicating a person who may give consent for care of a child when the parents are not present or able to give consent
Implied consent The consent is pre zoomed a patient or patience parent or Guardian would give if they could such as for an unconscious patient or a parent who cannot be contacted when care is needed
Hypoxia An insufficiency of oxygen in the bodies tissues
Hypovolemic shock Shock resulting from blood or fluid loss.
Hypothermia Generalized cooling that reduces body temperature below normal which is a life-threatening condition in its extreme
Hypoperfusion Inability of the body to adequately circulate blood to the body cells to supply them with oxygen and nutrients
Kidneys Organs of the Renal system used to filter blood and regulate fluid levels in the body
Labia Soft tissues that protect the entrance to the vagina
Labor The 3 stages of the delivery of a baby that begin with the contractions of the uterus and end with the expulsion of the placenta
Laceration A cut ;for brain injuries a cut to the brain
Large intestine The muscular tube that removes water from waste products received from the small intestine and moves anything not absorbed by the body toward exceretion from the body.
Larynx The voice box
Late adulthood Stage of life from 61 years and older
Lateral To the side, away from the midline of the body
Limb presentation When an infant's limb protrudes from the vagina before the appearance of any other body part
Libel False or injuries information and written form
Ligament Tissue that connects bone to bone
Lightening The sensation of the fetus moving from high into the abdomen too low into the birth canal
Liability Being held legally responsible
Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) A battery powered mechanical pump implanted into the body to assist a failing left ventricle in pumping blood to the body
Liver The largest organ of the body which produces bile to assist in breakdown of fats and assist and the metabolism of various substances in the body.
Local cooling Cooling or freezing a particular parts of the body
Lungs The organs where exchange of atmospheric oxygen and waste carbon dioxide take place
Malar The cheek bone
Malleolus Protrusion on the side of the ankle
Mandable A lower jaw bone
Manual traction The process of applying tension to straighten and realign a fractured limb before splitting
Manubrium The superior portion of the sternum
Maxillae The two fused bones forming the upper jaw
Mechanism of injury A force or forces that may have caused injury
Good Samaritan law A Series of laws verifying in each state design to provide limited legal protection for Citizens and Healthcare personnel when they are administering emergency care
Greenstick fracture And incomplete fracture ( mostly seen in kids)
Hallucinogens Mind affecting or mine altering drugs that act on the central nervous system to produce excitement and distortion of perceptions
Hemorrhagic shock Shock resulting from blood loss
Hemorrhage Bleeding, especially severe bleeding
Hazardous material Any substance or material in a form which poses an unreasonable risk to help safety property when transported in commerce
Hazardous material incident The realease of a harmful substance into the environment
Head-tilt,chin-lift maneuver A means of correcting blockage of the air way by the tongue by tilting the head back and lifting the chin. used when no trauma or injury is suspected.
Hematoma A swelling caused by the collection of blood under the skin or in famaged tissues as a result of an injured or broken bloos vessel. In a head injury, a collection of blood within the skull or brain
Insulin A hormone produced by the pancreas or taken as a medication by many diabetics
International terrorism Terrorism that is foreign based or directed
Interventions Actions taken to correct or manage of patients problems
Intracranial pressure (ICP) Pressure inside the skull
Involuntary muscle Muscle that responds automatically to brain signals but cannot be consciously controlled
irreversible shock When the body has lost a battle to maintain perfusion to vital organs. Even if adequate vital signs return the patient may die days later due to organ failure
Ischium The lower posterior portions of the pelvis
Jaw-thrust maneuver A means of correcting blockage of the air way by moving the doll forward without tilting the head or not. Used when trauma or injury a suspected to open the air way without causing further injury to the spinal cord in the neck
Joint The point where two bones come together
Jugular vein distention (JVD) bulging of the neck veins
Parenteral Referring to a route of medication administration that doesnt use the gastrointestinal tract, such as an intravenous medication.
Parietal pain Hey localized intense pain that arises from the parietal peritoneum, the lining of the abdominal cavity.
Partial nonrebreather mask A face mask and reservoir oxygen bag with no one way valve to the reservoir bag so that some exhaled air mixes with the o2; used in some patients to help preserve co2 levels in the blood to stimulate breathing.
Partial seizure A seizure that affects only one part or one side of the brain.
Partial thickness burn Second degree burn; hey burn in which the epidermis the first layer of skin is burned through and the dermis is damaged. Burns of this type cause reddening , blistering and a mottled appearance.
Passive rewarming Covering a hypothermic patient and taking other steps to prevent further heat loss and help the body rewarm itself.
Pathogens The organisms that cause infection such of viruses and bacteria
Patent airway In Airway that is open and clear and will remain open in clear without interference to the passage of air into and out of the body
Patent Open and clear free from obstruction
Patella The kneecap
Past medical history Information gathered regarding the patients health problems in the past
Plantar Referring to the soul of the foot
Plasma The fluid portion of blood
Plasma oncotic pressue The pool exerted by large proteins in the plasma portion of blood that tends to pull water from the body into the bloodstream
Platelets Components of the blood membrane enclosed fragments of specialized cells
Pneumothorax Air in the chest cavity
Pocket face mask A device usually with a one-way valve to aid in artificial ventilation. a rescuer breathes through the valve when the mass is placed over the patient's face and also acts as a barrier.
Poison Any substance that can harm the body by altering cell structure or functions
Portable radio A two-way handheld radio
Positional asphyxia Inadequate breathing or respiratory arrest caused by a body position that restricts breathing.
Positive pressure ventilation Artificial ventilation
Posterior The back of the body or body part
Posterior tibial Artery supplying the foot behind the media ankle.
Inspiration Inhalation
Injected poisons Poisons that are inserted through the skin; for ex. By needle, snake fangs, or insect stinger.
Inhaler A spray device with a mouthpiece that contains an aerosol form of the medication that a patient can spray into his Airway
Inhaled poisons Poisons that are breathed in
Inhalation And active process in which the intercostal (rib) muscles can the diaphragm contract expanding the size of the chest cavity and causing air to flow into the lungs
Ingested posions Poisons that are swallowed
Infancy Stage of life from birth to 1 year of age
Induced abortion Explosion of a fetus as a result of deliberate actions taken to stop the pregnancy
Indications Specific signs of circumstances under which it is appropriate to administer a drug to a patient
Index of suspicion Awareness that there may be injuries
Incident command system (ICS) A sub subject of the NIMS designated specifically for management of multiple casualty incidents
Incident Command The person or persons who assume overall direction of a large scale incident
Flow restricted oxygen powered ventilation device (FROPVD)
A device that uses oxygen Under Pressure to deliver artificial ventilations its trigger his place so that The Rescuer can operate it while still using both hands to maintain a seal on the face mask it has automatic Flow Restriction
Flowmeter A valve that indicates the flow of oxygen in liters per minute
Fontanelle A soft spot on an infants anterior scalp formed by the joining of not yet fused bones of the skull.
Fowler position A sitting position
Glucose A form of sugar, the body's basic source of energy
Generalized seizure A seizure that effects both sides of the brain
General impression Impression of the patient's condition that is formed on first approaching the patient based on the patient's environment Chief complaint and appearance
Gallbladder A Sac on the underside of the liver that stores bile produced by the liver
Gag reflex Vomiting or retching that results when something is placed in the back of the pharynx, this is tied to the swallowing reflex
Fracture Any brake in a bone
Foramen magnum The opening at the base of the skull through which the spinal cord passes from the brain
Hemistatic agents Substances applied as powders, gauze, or bandages to open wounds to stop bleeding
Herniation Pushing of a portion of the brain through the foramen magnum as a result of increased intracranial pressure
Hypersensitivity An exaggerated response by the immune system to a particular substance
Hyperglycemia High blood pressure
Distal Farther away from the Torso
Hydrostatic pressure The pressure within a blood vessel that tends to push water out of the vessel
Humidifier A device connected to the flow meter to add moisture to dry oxygen coming from an oxygen cylinder
Humerus The bone of the upper arm between the shoulder and the elbow
Hot zones An area immediately surrounding a Hazmat incident extends far enough to prevent adverse effects outside the zone
Hives Red itchy possible raised blotches on the skin that often result from allergic reactions
History of present illness (HPI) Information gathered regarding the symptoms and nature of the patient's current concerned
HIPAA A health insurance portability and accountability act a federal law protecting the privacy of patient specific Healthcare information and providing the patient with control over how this information is used and distributed
Peripheral pulses The radial brachial posterior tibial, and dorsal pedis pulses which can be felt at peripheral points of the body
Peripheral nervous system (PNS) The nerves that enter and leave the spinal cord and travel between the brain and organs without passing through the spinal cord
Perineum The surface area between the vagina and anus
Perfusion The supply of oxygen to and removal of wastes from the cells and tissues of the body as a result of the flow of blood through the capillaries
Penis The organ of male reproduction responsible for sexual intercourse and the transfer of sperm
Penetrating trauma Injury caused by an object that passes through the skin or other body tissues
Pelvis The basin shaped bony structure that supports the spine and is the point of proximal attachment for the lower extremities
Pediatric Of or pertaining to a patient who has yet to reach puberty
Pedal edema Accumulation of fluid in the feet or ankles
Patient outcomes The long Term survival of patients
Pathophysiology Study of how disease processes affect the function of the body
Plane A flat surface formed when slicing through a solid object
Peritoeum The membrane that lines the abdominal cavity and covers the organs within it
Peritonitis Bacterial infection within the peritoneal cavity
Permeation The movement of a substance through a surface or on a molecular level through intact materials penetration or spreading
Personal protective equipment (ppe) Equipment that protects the EMS worker from infection and or exposure to the dangers of rescue operations
Phalanges The toe and finger bones
Pharmacodynamics The study of the effects of medications on the body
Pharmacodynamics The study of drugs their sources their characteristics and their effects
Pharynx The area directly posterior to the mouth and nose it is made up of the oropharynx and the nasopharynx
Physiology The study of the body functions
Placenta The organ of pregnancy where exchange of oxygen nutrients and waste occurs between a mother and fetus
Placenta previa A condition in which the placenta is formed in an abdominal location that will not allow for a normal delivery of the fetus a cause of excessive pre-birth bleeding
Ethical Regarding a social system or social or professional expectations for applying principles of right and wrong
Epinephrine A hormone produced by the body as a medication it constricts blood vessels and dilates respiratory passage and is used to relieve severe allergic reaction
Epilepsy A medical condition that causes seizures
Epiglottis A leaf shaped structure that prevents food and foreign material from entering the trachea
Epidermis The outer layer of skin
Enternal Referring to a route of medication administration that uses the gastro tract such as swallowing a pill
Endocrine system A system of glands that produce chemicals called hormones that help to regulate many body activities and functions
End-stage renal disease (ESRD) Irreversible renal failure to the extent that the kidneys can no longer provide adequate filtration and fluid balance to sustain life usually requiring dialysis
EMS diagnosis/ EMT diagnosis A description or label for a patient's condition based on the patient's history physical exam vital signs that assists the EMT in further evaluation and treatment it is less specific than a traditional medical diagnosis.
Extremities The portions of the skeleton that include the clavicle scapula arms wrists and hands and the pelvis thighs legs ankles and feet
Extremity lift A method of lifting and carrying a patient during which one rescuer slips hands under the patient's armpits and grasps the rest while another rescuer grasps the patient's knees
Fallopian tube Fallopian tube the narrow tube that connects the ovary to the uterus
Feeding tube A tube used to provide delivery of nutrients to the stomach it's inserted through the nose and into the stomach the feeding tube is surgically implanted through the abdominal wall and into the stomach
Femoral artery The major artery supplying the leg
Femur The large bone of the thigh
Fetus Fetus the baby from eight weeks of development to birth
Fibula The lateral and smaller bone of the lower leg
Fi02 Fraction of inspired oxygen the concentration of oxygen in the air we breathe
Flail chest Fracture of two or more adjacent ribs in two or more places that allows for free movement of a fractured segment
Distention A condition of being stretched inflated or larger than normal
Do not resuscitate order (DNR) A legal document usually signed by the patient and his physician which states that the patient has a terminal illness and does not wish to prolong life through resuscitative efforts
Domestic terrorism Terrorism directed against the government or population without foreign
Dorsal Referring to the back of the body or the back of the hand or foot
Drop report(transfer report) An abbreviated form of the PCR that an EMS crew can leave at the hospital when there is not enough time to complete the PCR before leaving
Dressing Any material preferably sterile used to cover a wound that will help control bleeding and prevent additional contamination
Draw sheet method A method of transferring a patient from bed to stretcher by grasping and pulling the loose and bottom sheet of the bed
Downers Depressants such as barbiturates that depress the central nervous system which are often used to bring on a more relaxed State of Mind
Dorsalis pedis artery An artery supplying the foot lateral to the large tendon of the big toe
Evaporation The change from liquid to gas when the body perspires or gets wet evaporation of the respiration or other liquid into the air has a cooling effect on the body
Evidence-based Description of medical techniques or practices that are supported by scientific evidence of their safety and efficiency rather than merely on supposition and tradition
Evisceration And intestine or other internal organ protruding through a wound in the abdomen
Exchange One cycle of filling and draining the peritoneal cavity in peritoneal dialysis
Excited delirium Bizarre and or aggressive behavior shouting paranoia Panic violence towards others insensitivity to pain unexpected physical strength and hyperthermia usually associated with cocaine or amphetamine use
Exhalation A passive process in which the intercostal rib muscles and the diaphragm relax causing the chest cavity to decrease in size and air to flow out of the lungs
Expiration Exhalation
Exposure The dose or concentration of an agent X the time or duration
Expressed consent Consent given by adults who are of legal age and mentally competent to make a rational decision regarding their medical well-being
Perforating puncture wound This type of wound has both an entrance and an exit wound
Penetrating puncture wound A type of wound that can be shallow or deep
Permeable Leaky
Created by: beautifulsoul



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