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bio

3.1 and 3.2

TermDefinition
cell theory theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all cells are produced by other living cells, and the cell is the most basic unit of life.
cytoplasm jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and in some cells organelles.
organelle membrane-bound structure that is specialized to per- form a distinct process within a cell.
prokaryotic cell cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound organelles.
eukaryotic cell cell that has a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles.
cytoskeleton network of proteins, such as microtubules and microfilaments, inside a eukaryotic cell that supports and shapes the cell.
nucleus organelle composed of a double membrane that acts as the storehouse for most of a cell’s DNA.
endoplasmic reticulum interconnected network of thin, folded membranes that produce, process, and distribute proteins.
ribosome organelle that links amino acids together to form proteins.
Golgi apparatus stack of flat, membrane-enclosed spaces containing enzymes that process, sort, and deliver proteins.
vesicle small organelle that contains and trans- ports materials within the cytoplasm.
mitochondrion bean-shaped organelle that supplies energy to the cell and has its own ribosomes and DNA.
vacuole organelle that is used to store materials, such as water, food, or enzymes, that are needed by the cell.
lysosome organelle that contains enzymes
centriole small cylinder-shaped organelle made of protein tubes arranged in a circle; aids mitosis
cell wall rigid structure that gives protection, support, and shape to cells in plants, algae, fungi, and bacteria.
chloroplast organelle composed of numerous membranes that are used to convert solar energy into chemical energy; contains chlorophyll.
Created by: creasoner
 

 



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